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Yajna/Events

2 month long Yajna was held from April, 2002 to June 09, 2002. Also conducted were various Sanskars.

Details of upcoming Yajnas will be forthcoming.

The soul has to face the result of deeds (Good or Bad) and not God - Lecture 9

Chetas Mana is called Chitta,where the deeds done by us are noted and the time to come in future, the result of deeds(sin or sacred) are to be faced. Rig-Veda Mantra 1/164/20 says that there is a tree on which two alive birds who are friends too,live together.Out of those one eats the ripened fruit of tree where as second does not take ,instead watches all around .It means that human body is like a tree.Tree can be cut,burnt,destroyed etc.Similarly our body is always destroyed.Secondly,in human body the two birds are "SOUL" and "ALMIGHTY GOD". God is omnipresent and therefore abides in every SOUL as well as everywhere. So the relationship between God and Soul is like a friend.Thirdly only Soul eats ripened fruit of the tree and not Almighty God. It means we "SOUL" always bears the result of the good or bad deeds in the shape of pleasure and sorrows accordingly and not by Almighty God. Being Omnipresent the God always watches every deed of human being which by His power are automatically printed on the Chitta. Yajur Veda Mantra 40/12 also preaches that God is everywhere. Therefore, we must always follow the Vedas teachings to do instigated deeds too for the self-benefit and for human beings and thus should not do any kind of sin because the God is looking everybody. The five senses manage the Mind to do sins and mind further makes agreed the Soul to follow.

ASPIRANT CONTAINING EKAGAR VRITTI IS ONLY ENTITLED TO LEARN YOGA PHILOSOPHY

Yoga practice prevents such type of process of conveying the "Vritti" to "Chitta/Mind".See that the Yoga education is only preached to the aspirant who is capable to understand and the first Sutra of the Samadhi Paad clearly states that there are five stages of Chitta,kshipt(confused) ,vikshipt(perplexed),moodh(fool,ignorant),ekagar(concentrated,undisturbed)and nirudh(total stoppage).First three stages are full of ignorance and worldly desires etc.,and aspirants have been denied to get the preach of Yoga philosophy by the Shashtras .The four stages "Ekagar" (concentrated,undisturbed)i.e.,has crossed the mud of worldly falsehood .In this Ekagar stage of "Chitta" the education of Yoga is preached only,otherwise it will go in vain.So before starting the Yoga philosophy to learn,one should learn basically about Yama and Niyama. There are five Yamas(restraint of passions).

  1. AHIMSA-non-violence means not to harm through mind, voice, action to anybody else just as injury or to loose all enthusiasm but to love each other and live together peacefully.

  2. SATYA-truth -from mind, voice and action always speak truth, accept truth and do hard deed to realize truth, never accepts falsehood.

  3. ASTEYA-theft -from mind, voice and action never do theft and escape from fraud.

  4. BRAHMCHARYA-celibacy/chastity- to control on five organs, five senses and eleventh the Mana.To restraint from indulging in sins and unreligious sexual indulgement etc.

  5. APARIGRAH-non acceptance of unnecessarily materialistic articles or not to store the worldly articles beyond necessity. 


Similarly there are five Niyamas.

  1. SAUCH-Purity to live in neat and clean atmosphere of residence, kitchen, environment etc., to take bath daily and dress/article of the house must be purified. This is outer purification. The inner purification is to think always for auspicious/instigated deeds to leave endless desires to fulfill materialistic comforts jealousy etc., to study Vedas/holy booksand to be connected with wiser for their preach.

  2. SANTOSH-Satisfaction whatever we get through hard-working and instigated deeds we must live upon and must be satisfied . In any circumstances of sorrow etc., we must not loose the truth and be satisfied.

  3. TAPA-Religious austerity/Penance to bear the consequences in religious path like continuous sitting to listen preach for a long time, to serve Rishi-Muni/Ashram in every season and to bear the obstacles if comes. To listen Vedas/holy books , to do Yajna,to serve and to denote for Rishi-Muni/true Saints, to think always religious matters to control the body and to do auspicious deeds.These are TAPAHA(religious austerity).

  4. SWADHAYAYA-Study of religious true holy books like Vedas, Shashtras etc., which inspires towards MOKSH(final liberation) and the silent repetition of a holy Mantra(name of Almighty God).It is also a study for self realization.

  5. ISHWAR-PRANIDHAN--- Faith on God to do always instigated deeds and to dedicate the result thereof to Almighty God. 


So before starting the Yoga education these ten educations(Yama and Niyama) helps in concentration of mind or fixing it on one point of Yoga philosophy to realise God. It helps to become us an ascetic failing which the Ekagar stage is not obtained and thus all the Yoga education goes in vain.However it does mean that one should leave the family life.Ascetic means only to leave the bad habits/sins etc., which are also not permitted in Vedas/Shashtras .Our ancient Rishi-Munis and even Lord Krishna or Shri Rama were married but by virtue of the study of Vedas and practising Yoga philosophy they all became equivalent to God .Now a days we see that oftenly everyone is after doing only Yoga Aasan(Posture) saying that he is learning and doing Yoga. These people are mostly after the materialistic wave. His mind is not concentrated ,he is perhaps looking after his body only to maintain it well ,keeping aside the main motto of concentration and worshipping adorable God.See that body is always destroyable and how long can it be maintained? The body of Ravana,Dutyodhan and Kansa was well maintained but due to lack of spiritualism it was of no use.On the other hand the well maintained body of Shri Rama ,Krishna,Arjuna,Bhishma and several others served the people by virtue of spiritualism .So we must first appreciate,respect and accept this ancient, Vedic and traditional education right from the beginning i.e., practising Yama and Niyama to destroy the first three worldly/materialistic stages of Chitta viz.,kshipt,vikshipt and moodh briefed above to enable us to concentrate our mind on a Ekagar Vritti.So that we may be able to practise real Yoga philosophy.This will naturally help to live together peacefully and to build a strong Nation because the worship means to progress in Science as well as in Spiritualism together so that we may build a strong Nation---the requirement of the real spiritualism, promoting international brotherhood and peace. 

Yoga Philosophy and Meditation - Lecture 10

Traditional Yoga education starts right from learning Yama and Niyama i.e., on-violence, truth, not to be thief, to control on senses, satisfaction, purity, religious austerity, study of religious books and faith in Almighty God. The materialistic environments, now a days, has ruined the traditional aspects and therefore, to follow the above qualities are not being taken in human life with the result the loving atmosphere or brotherhood between public has gone away even internationally. Mostly, we now start doing Asana (posture) and we give it the name of learning Yoga Philosophy.

We see in Mahabharata and Ramayana that in the ancient time, this Yoga Philosophy along with above qualities promoted the international brotherhood with long, happy life. Because the ancient Rishi-Munis/public practiced regularly its eight paths i.e., Yama, Niyama with the result they used to achieve final eighth stage of Samadhi (Salvation). Suppose if we now are doing Asana/exercises only or little bit Pranayam but there is no sign of satisfaction, non-violence, truth etc., in our life .So the mere doing Aasan's practice will not achieve the main mottoes of Yoga philosophy i.e., Ahimsa, justice brotherhood and Samadhi with long happy life. In the absence of which we will not love the human beings like Lord Rama/Krishna/Rishi-Munis etc. They loved the public as well as fought for justice also. Now days, often it has been a tradition to do the Asana with the intention to take care of health only. If we see the health of Ravana, Kansa, Duryodhan and Dhristrashtra etc., so we will find that no body is available on the earth to compare in this matter but there good health only became the reason of destruction of family and peace of public so the Yoga philosophy does not target the health point only. Mainly it is a worship and preach to whole of the world to live and let live .So keeping in view the said aspects we must therefore not merely study the first and second Sutra of Patanjali Yoga Shashtra that Yoga is only Samadhi or total stoppage of "Chitta Vritti" is called Samadhi i.e., realization of God. We will have to recollect this traditional Yoga philosophy in the spiritual way also that full eight paths of Yoga education concentrate, teaches how to worship God, promote international brotherhood including spreading non-violence and discharging the duties about family and nation.

Then we reach at the final stage of Samadhi. Certainly, therefore, traditional Yoga philosophy requires the deepest study of Patanjali Yoga-Darshan wherein we also find the references of immortal knowledge of four Vedas. In Vedas there are three immortal truths to be studied and known. First in Almighty God, second Soul and third is Prakriti (matter). God is one who creates Universe from Prakriti. Souls abide in human bodies. God and Souls are alive but Prakriti is non-alive matter. God and souls are immortal but the matters created from Prakriti are destroyable. So our body is as well as the whole Universe made from Prakriti is at one time destroyed, usually we see these happenings in the Universe daily like death, destruction of matter, food, cyclone, earthquake etc. Prakriti has got three qualities-Rajo, Tamo, Soothe Chitta (mind) is also made by the said three qualities of Prakriti.Sato quality is an indication of enlightment i.e., wisdom therefore, "Tato Chitta" is a wiser, Tamo is idleness. Therefore, Tamo Chitta never likes hard working and thus is lazy and unreligious. Rajo has qualities to do sins only. Therefore, by virtue of practicing Yama, Niyama and worship etc., when the Chitta attains the Sato qualities and ascetic stage and starts knowing the true religious preaching. At this stage the alive Soul feels himself totally separate from non-alive Rajo, Tamo and Sato qualities of prakriti.

Therefore soul is alive and human body where in "chitta'' is a part thereof, is non-alive. Therefore soul understands the knowledge viz., separation of "chitta" but "chitta" being non-alive matter does not know anything else. At this Samadhi stage the soul has got no worldly contacts .It is called "Asampragyat Samadhi" i.e., final liberation .It will be appreciated that mere doing Asana, the stages mentioned above can never be achieved /realized .Our birth is actually meant for attaining the said stage, the animals or birds etc., are not meant for this wisdom. And to attain the said stage the practice of Ash tang Yoga has been stated the best way in the Vedas /Shashtras.

Gayatri Mantra

To know the real meaning of any language, it is necessary to learn the grammar. The culture of a country is based on its literature (culture) and we can say literature is culture and culture is literature. The eternal knowledge i.e., four Vedas have been the culture of India and even the culture of the whole world, being the oldest literature of the universe. So every word of Vedas, which has the meaning of its grammar, can not be denied being true and the meaning against the grammar or against the Vedas is not acceptable by the learned being unauthentic.

Lectures on Yoga

Publications

Ved Mandir Prakashan has published several books and musical compilations by Swami Ramswarup Ji. They include:

CDs:
Prabhu Sa Koi Duja (Swami Ramswarupji) (ACD) - Rs. 35/-
Ved Vanni Ke Updesh (Swami Ramswarupji) (ACD) - Rs. 35/-
Bhaj Govindam - Shri Shankaracharya Kavya (Swami Ramswarupji) (MP3, T-Series) - Rs. 35/-
This compilation contains Sanskrit Poem originally written by Shri Shankaracharya. Swami Ramswarupji has sung it in a bhajan format and given inspiring Vedic preach. It contains the following stanzas/tracks:

Location

Ved Mandir Ashram is located in District Kangra of Himachal Pradesh. For more than 20 years, Havan and Yajna is being conducted daily. The annual Yajna is conducted from April-mid June, which Vedic Ahutis and detailed pravachan of Vedas by Swamiji.

The Yajna starts from early morning and ends at late evenings.

Swar Yoga

SWAR YOGA

It is a well known fact on the Earth that the most ancient holy Books viz., four Vedas/six Shashtras are quoted as proof by the wisers .So in Vedas there is no Swar Yoga.But nin Vedas there is a description of surya Naadi(vein) a nd Chander Naadi(vein).For example, Atharva Veda Mantra 2/15/3 states that the left hole of nostril is called Chander Swar and right is Surya Swar (warm).Surya (Sun) is an indicator of fire/hotness whereas Chander (moon) is an indicator of Som matter Cold/Peace. The breathe (Pran & Apan) is moving through both holes of the nostril in two main veins , Ida vein and Pingla vein. Left nostril contains Ida vein and right contains Pingla vein. Between both eyebrows where these two veins(Naadi) are connected that point is called Murdha from where third Naadi(vein) Shushumna starts.Shushumna is Shiva and Shiva is Hans. When we breathe inside then the Swar is Sa and when we breathe outside then the Swar is Ha ,i.e.,Hans. Gayatri Mantra or Guru Mantra is practised by knowing this Swar knowledge. Secondly, Lom and Vilom practice of Pranayam is also done.But all this knowledge must be fully taken by a wiser Yogi first.So Swar Yoga can also be considered a part of Ashtang Yoga which is faithful to all .This is a vast knowledge and requires brief description which is not possible here. It is to be learnt from an experienced Yogi. However, if required this knowledge containing 10 lectures can be delivered on this subject of Swar Yoga. Please confirm. Any question on Yoga or spiritualism by readers or anybody else is highly appreciated and I shall feel personal pleasure to reply.

Aspirant go inside and see soul (self-realisation) by Ved/Yoga Philosophy and kn

ASPIRANT GO INSIDE AND SEE SOUL (SELF REALISATION) BY VEDA/YOGA PHILOSOPHY AND KNOW ABOUT THE TRUE RELIGION

Rigveda Mantra 1/164/16 states that nobody except the Rishi/Muni who is a philosopher of Vedas and Yoga education only knows about creation and the creator. Therefore, the Mantra further preaches that our life should be based on such a traditional knowledge where every human being should be educated about the creation in the form of Modern Science/Education together with the spiritual knowledge viz. Worship, adoration ,yoga practice and Yajna etc., based on Veda’s study. Because it is very clear from the study of four Vedas that the present sects have some particular name with religions like Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christian, Jain etc., but Vedas are only religion for humanity. These are the traditional education adopted by our forefathers/Rishis. This education gave morality, command on senses/organs, love to humanity, God fearing, non-violence ,end of ravages of hatred, nationality including thousands of other good qualities promoting International brotherhood. Thus when we study Vedas, practice Yoga education then only we become able to peep within our SOUL ,and know the true religion far from fundamentalism .Vedas/Shastras/ Upnishad/Geeta etc., the holy books have thrown light for the religion which give peace/ calm/ happiness to the humanity and not the hate/violence etc. The wise, who know Veda’s knowledge is only capable to gain, to know and to realize truth. Uptil now whatever today’s science has invented all those are mentioned in the Vedas. But much more undiscovered matters are still required to be invented lying in the Vedas. For-example in Valmiki Ramayan it is described that Hanumanji used a top class aero plane given by Sugriva to cross the ocean to locate Mata Sita. The plane was caught on radar by Ravan’s Army. This secret still requires invention. In Mahabharta, there is mention of a Brahmastra. If it is used it could destroy total Earth. But when it was used by Acharya Dron’s son Ashwathama on Yudishtra and his brothers for killing them, it had to be turned towards Abhimanyu’s wife Uttara by order of Vyas Muni. Now the BRAHMASHTRA only hitted the pregnancy of Uttara without killing or hurting even her. No science has yet produced such type of missile/arm/weapon. Therefore, we see that the ancient Rishis/Munis were the scientist in reality either in the matter of worldly science or the science of worship/Yoga education, to realize God and both the knowledge they showered on public for their happy long life and building a strong Nation. We must, therefore, not keep aside the ancient path of adopting traditional knowledge of Vedas/Yoga philosophy.

FALSE SAINT/LITERATURE HAS GRASPED TRUE RELIGIOUS PATH/LITERATURE

Now it is a matter of sorrow and saint Tulsi Dass has also written it in his Ramayan that now a days everybody has started saying him a Brahm Rishi/Yogi/Saint without knowing the traditional knowledge of Vedas/Yoga. See Ramayan:-

1.Marag so ja kahun joi bhava . Pandit soi jo gaal bajava.

2.Brahm gian binu nari nar karahaen na dusari baat.

3.Kali mal grasey dharam sab lupt bhaye sadagranth. Dambhinah nij mati kalpi kari pragat kiye bahu panth.

4.Duej shruti bechaka bhup prajasan . kou nahien maan nigam anusasan.

The conclusion of the above is that, even worldly science and maths go forward fundamentally on some recognized formula but now a days there is no any rules / regulations/ fundamentals/traditional paths etc., in the matter of worship. The way which suits that is only the way to be accepted quitting the traditional knowledge and fundamentals of Vedas/yoga education. Because now saints have sold Vedas i.e., they do not know about Vedas and preach therein. Secondly he who does not know even ABC about the vedic /yoga philosophy he also talks on not less than Brahm Gian. Study of Vedas reveals that , “Mantra drishta iti Rishi” i.e., who has practised Ashtang Yoga and has seen Ved mantras within his SOUL,he only entitles to be pounced the holy word Rishi and not other. So Rishi is an Ashtang Yogi and he preaches Vedas like Vishwamitra and Vyas Muni etc. This is a tradition. Tulsi Dass ji further says that false saints and unauthenticated false literature on spiritualism has grassed the true traditional/ancient literature .The above quoted Rig Veda Mantra l/164/16 also refers that only a wiser of Vedas knows truth. Thus the authenticated and scientific knowledge of God in Vedas cannot be over sighted, which our ancient Rishi- Munis like Vyas,Vishwamitra, king HarishChandra, Dashratha and Shri Rama, Krishna etc., too respected and adopted the same. They have left behind a tradition to follow up and we have to obey.

YOGA/VEDA’S EDUCATION PROVIDES PROSPERITY-LONG HAPPY LIFE

Athervaveda mantra 13/4/48,49 very nicely preaches that human beings must learn Vedas and yoga philosophy so that they may be able to be happy in the way of richness, prosperity, ill free life, to do auspicious deeds and to become able to build a strong nation. By the virtue of Vedas / yoga philosophy in the end we also become able to realize God. There is a pray in this mantra that when we attain all the stages then we truly become able to worship. Thus at this stage only God looks, bless and takes care of us. So Yoga philosophy preached in the Vedas is very much essential to gain for a long happy life /realization of God which one is also a main motto of human life. Samadhi Paad’s second sutra of Patanjali Yoga Darshana says :- “Yogaha chitta vritti nirodhaha” meaning :- Yogaha(Yoga)= Samadhi, Chitta = combination of intellect i.e.,budhi, ahankar (Ego) and mana (mind), Vritti= effect of various forms, nirodhaha=stoppage.That is to say stoppage of various forms of Chitta is called Yoga. According to the sutra it is sampragyat samadhi (sampragyat yoga).Because rishi Patanjali has stated here “chitta vritti nirodhaha” which means sampragyat yoga. Because he has not said Total chitta vritti nirodhaha.If the word total could also be used then its meaning could be treated as asampragyat yoga being total stoppage of chitta vritti.In sampragyat yoga we (soul) meditate and also know that he (soul) is meditating. In this situation soul is separate and the goal is separate. But in asampargyat yoga the soul forgets himself and is at that time emerged in God. Chitta gains the effect of worldly happenings through eye, ear, nose, tongue and skin by means of good or bad effects viz. looking , listening ,smell, taste and touch ability. When an aspirant practice ashtang yoga and becomes able to control on effect of worldly happenings on the chitta, it means he has attained the eight and the last path of ashtang yoga i.e., samadhi (yoga). That is why yoga is called samadhi as told earlier and main motto of yoga education to realize God is fulfilled. Now question arises what is chitta where the effect of five senses are endorsed? The body of human being is made of five cells as briefed in Vedas/shastras. Ist Annamaya cell. Anna means food, so our body is preserved only when we eat/drink water. Veda/shastras say that the human body is only meant for doing religious deeds. Second number is Pranamaya cell which means respiration cell i.e., we are alive when we respirator. Third is Manomaya cell which mean thinking cell. Our mind always keeps on thinking of good or bad. Fourth is Vigyanmaya cell which means soul. So we are soul and not body. Soul is alive one and body is non alive. Fifth is Anandamaya cell which is God. When soul by the power of yoga philosophy reaches in this fifth cell he realizes Almighty God and the aspirant is , thus, called a Yogi. Vide Riga Veda mantra mandal l0 sukta129 and Samkhya shashtra sutra l/26 our body is made of matter (prakriti) . Almighty God while creating the universe generates the first universal part of body from prakriti called Mahata (Buddhi). From Mahata God generates Ahankara (Ego) i.e., recognizing power. Then in its series mana (mind) is generated. Vide Yajur Veda Mantra 34/1-3 there are five kinds of mana (mind) due to its different type of functions - Deva mana, Yaksh mana, Pragyan mana, chetas mana and Dhritti mana . Within the five above , the Chetans mana (mind) is called chitta on which the effect of every deed done by us is noted. Yoga practice prevents the effect and aspirants get Samadhi stage (Yoga).

Yoga Philosophy - Lecture 7

Meaning of word Yoga- karma yoga in Bhagwad Gita

According to the epic Mahabharata , Arjun, his brothers, family and public used to worship in the shape of yajna. Ashtang Yoga etc., being spiritual deeds and on the other hand everybody used to discharge their duties in respect of nation, family etc., too like progress in science, agriculture , education, defence , business , family affairs being worldly deeds/duties etc. , as spiritual or materialistic ,these two types of duties according to Vedas are required to be discharged by the human beings. So karma Yoga (duties towards Nation/family etc.) preached in Bhagwad Gita are the duties related to thereligious Mahabharat war for which Arjun is fundamentally liable to discharge being Kshatriya-a warrior in community and he discharged the same accordingly .This preach to Arjuna about his duty to take part in the religious war being auspicious deed as per the Veda’s teachings for a military man , has got no concern with Ashtang yoga mentioned in Patanjali Yoga Darashan/Vedas. Because when a military man like Arjun is required to be prepared for taking part in a war, preachof worship or Yoga is not feasible and even looks no nice at this belated stage. Therefore, we too see in epic Mahabharta that since childhood all five brothers and the public used to do worship like Yajna ,Ashtang Yoga separately in daily life being spiritual deed.After Mahabharta war,Yudhistra ,Arjun with other three brothers ruled over the Earth for thirty-six years and at last on advice by Vyas Muni they left the kingdom and went to the jungle for worship/Yajna/Ashtang Yoga for the remaining life.

A Rishi/Yogi is only capable to dig out real meaning of Vedas /Shashtras, duly blessed with divine eyes.

Mahabharta, Bhagwat Geeta, Valmiki Ramayan and like wise other holy books of the ancient Rishis like Kapil Muni, Gemini Rishi , Vyas muni ,Agastya Rishi have been written on the basis of knowledge gained from the four Vedas.As there was no other holy except Vedas and even there was no other religion/culture was originated by any Rishi/Munis.Whole of the Universe used to worship or discharge duties in accordance with the four Vedas only. So to dig out the real meaning either of the Vedas /Yoga originated direct from Almighty God, or of all shastras written by the ancient Rishis, it is only possible by a yogi who studied as well as practiced preached in the vedas. This Truth has been stated by lord Krishna in Bhagwad Gita, chapter 11, shloka 8th that "o Arjuna ! You are not able to see me with ordinary eyes you have , therefore I donate you the divine eyes. About these divine eyes, Yajur Veda mantra 31/19 says -

“ Tasye Yoni pari pashyanti Dheeraha”

Dheeraha means the Yogi who has attained Eighth stage of Ashtang Yoga i.e., Samadhi .So the Mantra says that only an Ashtang yogi is able to see (realize) Almighty God. Rigveda Mantra 1/164/16 says that he who is not an Ashtang Yogi and thus has not attained Samadhi step by step is, therefore not capable to realize the God or dig out the factual meaning of divine words of Vedas/Yoga etc.


Use of word yoga in Bhagwat Geeta and Vedas in particular situation Keeping in view the above truth, now we learn chapter 2 of Bhagwad Geeta shloka 48 & 50. In these shalokas a word Yoga has been mentioned. The word Yoga is also generated from sanskrit dhatu , "yujir yoge"where its meaning is to unite. This is common meaning of the word Yoga. In this sense , one can be united with several objects like instigated deeds, bad deeds, study, God, television, theft , wandering hither&thither and so on. Therefore while giving the description of chitta vritti (effect of various forms of chitta) Patanjali Rishi very nicely preaches in sutra 1/1 of Yoga Darshana about the common meaning of “Yoga” that basically it is the nature of the mind in all kind of the stages (materialistic/spiritual) to be attached or think on one subject all the time. So to be united with any kind of deeds is also a Yoga situation . These shlokas have been cited by Lord Krishna in the situation when Arjuna is not desirous of taking part in the religious war of Mahabharata. He did not want to be united with the war. So this condition has been cited in shloka 48 wherein Lord Krishna says to Arjun a word "Yogastha" means- do not be puzzled, determine your duty and with full attention you discharge the same at your level best .While discharging the duties keep aside the attachment and the result thereof , relating either in success or in failure i.e. unite yourself with the duties. Similarly, in the same situation Lord Krishna speaks the word “Budhi yukto” in shloka 50, “Budhi Yukto ”means union with mind (Budhi) i.e., Budhi Yoga,i.e. to discharge duties at level best which means that a learned person knows his duties well as stipulated in Vedas and discharges the same accordingly. This is actually a definition of Karma Yogi, who discharges duties and never thinks about the result with regards to success or failure. We must also not forget that Bhagwat Geeta has been written by Vyas Muni in a manner being recited by the mouth of Lord Krishna who both were learned, wiser and philosopher of the Vedas and Yoga. That is why in both the shlokas, they hint about the learned Karma Yogi. Secondly, Yogeshwar Krishna says that the Karma Yogi does not do the bad deeds being against the Vedas. So these two shalokas conclude that the Karma Yogi leaving behind the result of success or failure is only after the duties to be discharged. Therefore, in this chapter too, the word Yoga does not mean Ashtang Yoga preached in Patanjali Yoga Darshan /Vedas.Yajur Veda Mantra 2, chapter 40 also preaches about Karma Yogi that doing the auspicious deeds ,discharging the duties, he attains good health and long life of more than hundred years .In this way doing instigated deeds for family, nation and self etc., he will never be attached with the result of the duties. Thus when we will have not to bear the result of deeds, naturally we will be able for salvation. This stage of salvation is obtained by discharging the duties and not by leaving. That is why Lord Krishna says, O Arjuna! being a Karma Yogi and keeping aside the result of war, you take part in the war and accordingly you will have not to bear the result of the deeds being religious mentioned in the Vedas. Several duties like national politics, agriculture, education, military arrangements to safe guard the nation , services to parents, spiritual master, old man- woman, services towards family affairs , categorized as social and materialistic auspicious deeds are mentioned in the Vedas are religious. On the other hand , Vedas too speak loudly about the several spiritual auspicious deeds like Yajna, Yoga practice etc. Both the duties are to be discharged and not only one. The above cited Yajur Veda mantra says that these both two types of the instigated deeds- spiritual and materialistic are required to be done by human-beings . But in these two above shalokas 48 & 50, only one type of social materialistic instigated deeds are being preached by Lord Krishna i.e., to take part in the war and not the second type of spiritual deeds i.e., Ashtang Yoga or Yajna etc. So everywhere the meaning of the word Yoga does not mean either Ashtang Yoga or Karma Yoga. Just see that in the Sanskrit language , the meaning of 'sandhava' is salt and is horse too. But when we are eating then its meaning will be considered salt and not horse. And when we are ready to ride then its meaning will have to be taken as horse and not salt. Similarly ,is the case of word Yoga and other divine words of Vedas too. For examplelet us observe Rig Vedas first mantra 'Agnim Idehe Purohitam------'.
This mantra says that we must desire for Agni. Now the worldly meaning of Agni is fire where as its spiritual meaning in this Mantrais Almighty God. According to this mantra, we desire to realize the Agni whose qualities are to creat universe, to nurse and to destroy it at an appropriate time, a town accord. Secondly, we are desirous of the Agni who takes care of human beings , who is giving the birth and by virtue of his blessings we are able to see our father, mother , and family; thirdly in this Rig Veda mantra, we desire the Agni who is showering upon us the blessings of food ,ornaments and all types of facilities around us. Now considering all the described qualities of the Agni mentioned in the mantra , a learned man (Rishi/Muni/Yogi) naturally digs out the meaning of such type of Agni as almighty God and not the fire. Because the burning worldly fire has got no such qualities of creating the universe etc., instead it has also been created by the Almighty God. So the burning worldly fire is not worship able in Vedic culture.

Vedas teach about only one Astang Yoga

DEFINITION OF A PREFECT YOGI

PRAISE OF YOGA PHILOSOPHY IN VEDAS

The Divine Word Yoga is generated from dhatu-Yuj Samadhau which means Samadhi and from Yujir Yoge which means to be united with God. Samadhi means realization of God or final liberation. Now days so many kinds of Yoga are being introduced in the public like Hath yoga, Bhakti yoga, Karma yoga, Gyan yoga, Naad yoga, Laya yoga, Swar yoga, shatang yoga, Raj yoga, Dhayan yoga, Jap yoga etc. As stated in the previous lecture no 5, these different kinds of yoga interpretations are not mentioned in four Vedas and six Shastras and other ancient spiritual books written by the ancient Rishis / Munis before Mahabharata war about more than five thousand years ago.Therefore, it is very much clear that our ancient Rishis, Munis practised only one Ashtang Yoga with its eight fold paths i.e; Yama, Niyama, Aasan, Pranayam, Pratyahar, Dharna, Dhayan and Samadhi stated in the most authenticated and ancient holy books viz. Four Vedas and Patanjali yoga Darshan etc. Yajur veda mantra 7/4 and Patanjali Yoga Darshan sutra 2/29 preaches all about the said Ashtang Yoga in token and its brief description will be given in the following lectures.

Perhaps Eight Fold Paths Of The Ashtang Yoga Not Being Preached Fully Now:

It is a matter of sorrow that somewhere only one path of Ashtang Yoga i.e., Aasan is being introduced as Yoga education unethically being against the ancient holy books like four Vedas and Yoga Darshan etc. Again, somewhere only meditation is being called Yoga knowledge, where as it is only the seventh path i.e., Dhayan of the Ashtang Yoga.Thus where only Aasan is being taught there the first two paths Yama and Niyama and the last five paths i.e,Pranayam Pratyahar, Dharna, Dhayan Samadhi have been excluded from the ancient and authenticated well known eight fold paths of

Ashtang yoga at one's own accord. Similarly where only meditation is being taught as yoga Philosophy, naturally, the seven remaining paths of Ashtang yoga have been omitted. Now a days usually sadhus define Yoga education merely to sit, to remember the Holy name of God and concentrate at one point. This one is not a theory of the above said AshtangYoga. However this is the silent repetition of a Mantra/God’s name and should be done separately while sitting on suitable Aasan (posture). This omission from Ashtang Yoga education has created a lot of misunderstanding with regards to the great Indian Vedic philosophy of Yoga knowledge all over the world. However, to do the Aasan only may help to promote our health to some extent but cannot bless us with peace and other divine qualities like salvation briefed in previous lectures .

DEFINITION OF A PREFECT YOGI :-

When a devotee learns Ashtang Yoga Philosopy (from Yama to Samadhi) under guidence and blessing of an experienced Yogi, he is merged in practicing the eight fold path of Yoga philosophy step by step.Thus after long practice when he becomes able to control his five senses(ear, nose, eyes, tongue, skin)and five organs (hands, mouth, legs, rectum and sex)and eleventh the mind,then with the result he controls the chitta-vritti reaching at seventh fold path i.e., Dhayan (meditation).At this stage the devotee becomes purified keeping aside sex, anger etc., and worldly materialistic dirts. In this purified condition with the bliss of Almighty God he attains the eighth and final liberation stage of Samadhi (Yoga), where his soul realizes him and the Almighty God therein .This utmost merriment and final liberation stage of soul is called Samadhi(Yoga). Vyas Muni, Vashisht Muni, Rishi Vishwamitra and so many other Rishis mentioned in Mahabharta,Valmiki Ramayana,Tulsi Das’s Ramayana,Shashtras and Upnishads are recognized as true Samadhi attained Yogis traditionally at present perhaps,the said tradition looks over .In this connection Tulsi Das ji very rightly has shown sorrow in Uttarkand couplet 99(ka) that now a days oftenly the saints who have left the true path of Yoga and Vedas do not talk less than on the matter of Braham Gyan whereas they do not know about it.So called saints mostly have created their own paths of worships against Vedas and truth.Tulsi further states in verses about the effect of present time(Kalyug)that so called saints are having long-long beards and hairs,thief of others money with tacts,tell lie and mostly make spending fun.Tulsi Das ji tells that in Kalyug those saints who have these type of qualities are mostly praised and are famous to be a Braham Gyani (Yogi) .Only at the stage when a true Yogi like Vishwamirtra, Guru Vashisht etc., Yajur Veda mantra 5/14 recite

yunjte man yut yunjte---
i.e., the said Yogi places his mind / chitta in Almighty God and realizes the utmost merriment. In Yajur Veda mantra 31/

Aham ved Mahantam purushah--
i. e., the Yogi realizes God, the God who is self enlightened.Yajur Veda mantra 34/44 recites that only the aspirant who has attained the last 8th fold path stage of yoga, he only realizes omnipresent God .Rig veda mandal 10th sukta 124 mantra 7 says that at this stage Almighty God fully fulfills the soul with utmost merriment .Here we must note that Vedas as well as sutra 1/7 of Patanjali Yoga Darshan says that to determine the truth, the proof of Vedas is 100% essential and all the ancient and the present wiser know it very well and those who do have not studied Vedas and practiced Yoga Philosophy they are against the fundamentals and Tulsi Das ji has given their description a lot in Uttarkand .We must know that the Vedas/Shastras/Upanishads accept only the views mentioned in the Vedas as a proof .This fact has been mentioned in the Vedas as self proof and in Yoga Shashtra Sutra 1/ 7.In this connection Kapil Muni, writer of Samkhaya Shashtra,says that the thing which has been determined on the basis of true proof of Vedas that can not be condemned on the basis of mere imagination.For example Vyas Muni quotes that if somebody says that he has made a bow from rabbit’s horns then it can not be accepted as a truth because it is a direct proof of our eyes that a rabbit does not have horn. Therefore merely on the imagination the rabbit’s horn made bow can not be accepted in reality. Vedas and Shashtra, similarly,tell that without giving the proof of Vedas/Shashtras self-made views are not acceptable and this fundamental law to know truth from Vedas cannot be changed .So we must learn that only the Ashtang yoga has been preached by the God in four Vedas.

Yagvalka Muni in his Smriti 1/8 says that to realize soul and Almighty God by virtue of the Yoga philosophy is the utmost religious duty of the mankind . Yoga fulfills the desires, keeps away from the tensions, illness and oldage and at last even overcomes the death.


PRAISE OF YOGA PHILOSOPHY IN VEDAS

Saam Veda mantra 163 says-"Yoge yoge Indram uteye hawamahe---"

The divine word yoge relates in the matter of practicing Ashtang Yoga. When we learn and do yoga practice of Aasan, Pranayam etc .Indram -Almighty God, uteye-protection from evils like immoral sex, anger,proud etc., control on five senses and five organs and the false materialistic affairs .

Hawamahe-we call or remember the God. Therefore the meaning of this Veda mantra is that when a devotee is fully emerged to study and practice eighth fold path of Yoga philosophy doing Aasan, pranayam and meditation etc., he must remember God doing worship, admire and prayer for seeking protection from the hidden foe of the Yoga stated above .

Now it concludes that the word Yoga is a divine word because of its use in four Vedas as already stated in the previous lecture.

In this matter Rigveda mantra 8 /100/11 also clarifies that each word used in the Vedas is a divine word, stating_'Divya Vacham Devaha Ajnyant'

Divya Vacham means divine words of the Vedas.Devaha means Rishi Munis who knows the Vedas.Ajnyant means to produce pronunciation .That is, first of all the Rishi-Munis utter the divine holy words of Vedas and thereafter common men and women become able to pronounce and know the same.Yajur veda mantra 31/11 says--
`'Brahmano Asaya Mukham Aseet[Brahm means who knows Vedas]

that is he who knows Brahm is only an authorized Rishi to deliver preach and to denote Yoga philosophy.Here we must note that in Mahabharat Shanti-Parv Shalok 20,, Bhisham Pitamaha says, ---Oh! Yudishtar the God is in two forms to understand-----Shabd Brahm and Par Brahm”.
Shabd Brahm means the knowledge of four Vedas to know by its study and Par Brahm means realization of adorable god through the power of Yoga education.The God who is omni present and creates the universe.By virtue of Yoga philosophy understood from Vedas, that is why Bhisham Pitamaha further says that, he who becomes a philosopher of Shabd Brahm i.e., of four Vedas by means of its study including Yoga philosophy mentioned therein, and secondly when he practises Ashtang Yoga and attains Samadhi then he only realizes Par Brahm i.e.,omni present God. It concludes that to realize Almighty God perfection in Shabad Braham (Vedas) and Ashtang Yoga both are essential fundamentally. Therefore, we see that it is not so easy. In Bhagwat Geeta shalok 7/19 Lord Krishna authentically says that the devotee who has been continuously meditating for the last so many births,he hardly realizes God at last. Lord Krishna further states in the shalok that this type of Yogi (alive) is not easy to meet. However to learn the Yoga education and the instigated deeds/duties from Vedas,r equirement of a learned alive Rishi-Muni-Yogi-Saint is stressed by fourVedas/Shashtras traditionally which one is also a duty of all the human beings to obey as obeyed by our forefathers even by Lord Rama whose Guru was Vashisht Muni and Lord Krishna whose Guru was Sandeepan Rishi. Both the Rishi-Muni were well conversant and philosopher of four Vedas and Ashtang Yoga and therefore used to do Yajna also. It is also a matter of sorrow that oftenly the saints of the present time are usually comparing them with the Rishis and Munis but they do not know Vedas/Ashtang Yoga.These saints even dares openly to say that because Lord Rama and Krishna also adopted Guru so the people should also accept them (present saints)as a Guru. People, thus,being innocent about Vedas Ashtang Yoga/Yajna and the past history of our forefathers accept the false Gurus stated in Tulsi Das Ramayan couplet 99(ka)and verses of Uttarkand stated above. Here we must learn that fundamental of the Almighty God preached in Vedas can not be changed.

As per the comments by Vyas Muni the Yoga(Samadhi) is a special quality of chitta(mind) in every stage, because it is a habit of the mind to think by any means every time .There are five stages of chitta,kshipt(f{kIr),murh(ewn),vikshipt(fof{kIr),ekagr(,dkx),nirudh(fuj)) when the chitta is in touch with rajo quality of prakriti and is wandering in materialistic world,this stage of chitta is called kshipt and is not fit for learning yoga philosophy.When it is in concern with tamo quality of prakriti,then chitta being lazy does not have interest in doing simple or hard job and it is a stage of murh and is not fit for yoga philosophy.At third stage, when the worldly desires are not fulfilled and the vritti is puzzled, it is vikshipt stage of chitta and too is not fit for learning Yoga philosophy.The fourth stage of chitta is called ekagr(concentration).In this stage the chitta has controlled the materialistic desires and has concentrated on one point that is eager to know truth.Only at this stage aspirant is capable to learn the knowledge of Yoga philosophy. The fifth stage is called Nirudh, in which the Vritti becomes dead[having little bit effect only] .This stage is called Sampargyat Samadhi(Yoga) being not final liberation because, the word, chitta vritti nirodh has got not the word complete chitta Vritti Nirodh, in the sutra.when complete chitta vritti is stopped and chitta becomes totally dead, then this stage is called Asampargyat Samadhi[full Samadhi-final liberation]. There are 4 kinds of this Sampargyat Samadhi (Yoga)-Vitarkanugat,Vicharanugat, Anandanugat and Asmitanugat,brief description of which follows.

Eternal Vedic culture for the whole world - Lecture 5

Atharvaveda says "Eko Brahm --------."means God is one who creates the Universe and there is no other God even equivalent to Him. After creating the Universe God has blessed us with the best education in the form of four Vedas wherein Yoga Philosophy along with so many other thousands of duties have been preached to be accepted by all human beings for a happy life. However,when a question of maintaining/promoting Indian Culture arises dresses, folk and classical music, literature in several languages and other more items are naturally deemed essential to be considered . But now a days it has been a matter of sorrow that the most ancient and authenticated Indian culture i.e. ,Yoga philosophy preached in four Vedas and still kept in the world's library has been over sighted by one or the other reasons. This invaluable world fame culture used to be studied and adopted in daily life only by our forefathers like Lord Manu, Rama , Krishna, kings like HarishChandra and Yudishtra etc. By virtue of which they realized the truth, looked after the people nicely and properly and thus at last attained salvation i.e.,the main motto of life.In this way they have left behind a traditional auspicious deeds to be adopted by the following generations, essential for a long happy life and not the worst one usually seen now a days. Tulsi and Valmiki ji have stated this fact in their Ramayans about the happy life of the public of ancient times specially for Lord Rama also.They have awared Lord Rama with special quality- " SHRUTI PATH PALAK" . Shruti means four Vedas i.e .Rama had been adopting his every step of life in accordance with the auspicious deeds like Yajna,Yoga Philosophy and to rule the Nation judiciously etc.,all preached in four Vedas.Therefore very rightly it has been a truly proverb of our great India that India by means of only said Vedic culture had been a pious Earth to generate Rishis/ Munis/Yogis and used to be called a world's spiritual master and Golden bird. Now we come again on the culture .In previous series(Lecture 4) we were considering a word "Ashwa.". Now a days the worldly meaning of word Ashwa is "Horse". But its divine meaning is -

"ASHWA VAHI RASHTRAHA" i.e., Ashwaha means Nation. This divine meaning is mentioned in ancient Brahaman holy book written by Yask Muni . In all the ancient holy books like Maha-Bharat And Valmiki Ramayana etc., this word has been used stating that all the kings and people of ancient time like Lord Manu , Rama and Krishna used to organise/ perform several Ashva Megha yajnas in presence of Rishis/Munis for the benefit of Nation /Public. Because they knew its beneficial results in providing them with timely and pure rain, increase in crop productivity, purify water/ air , killing pollution, generating huge/ vast jungles with several kinds of trees/ vegetable/ herbs providing food to animal /birds etc, thus further increasing more milk and other pure foods to human life and too promoting international brotherhood with other thousands of benefits to the human beings. This word Ashwa has also been mentioned in Tusli Das's Ramayana as "KOTI WAAJI MEDH PRABHU KINE". Here waaji means ashwa and ashwa means nation i.e Shri Rama did more than crore Ashwa Megh Yajna for public benefits. In these holy Yajna, the preach of yoga and other instigated deeds used to be spread by the then Rishis . Valmiki ji thus ,very nicely ,has stated that in those days every family member was seemed to be as learned as a Maharishi.

WITHOUT PROPER YOGA EDUCATION PREACHED IN VEDIC CULTURE TRUE KNOWLEDGE DISAPPEARS RESULTING DESTRUCTION AT ALL LEVEL


Now our country is lack of such kinds of Rishis like Vyas Muni, Shringi Rishi, Atri Rishi, Guru Vashishta, Yogi Patanjanli, Kapil Muni and Kings like Dashratha,Harish Chandra,Shri Rama,Shri Krishna etc., who knew full knowledge of Vedas and yoga philosophy .So it seems to be a difficult task to promote proper Yoga philosophy and other instigated deeds/duties for public benefits. Again in Athrava Vedas Mantra 9/4/4 Vrishbhah has been used clarifying that when a cow delivers a calf, it should be nursed carefully so that the calf will be cause of healthy generations from cows in future.In this way the cow will be providing us with pure milk/butter/ ghee to promote good health of the citizens. But it has been a misfortune of our country that ,likewise the meanings of thousands of divine words of the vedas including Yoga, have been narrated false and used totally in the bad sense since long resulting inability to understand the true Yoga education preached in Vedas and adopted by our forefathers . This has certainly happened too in absence of the traditonal preach of the learned Rishi/ Yogis who knew Vedas.In this connection Atharva Veda mantra 7/2/1 truly states that, only a Rishi /Yogi knowing Yoga Philosophy briefed in Vedas and has attained the stage of Samadhi (final liberation) due to the hard practice of Ashtang Yoga, is capable to dig out the factual meaning of the divine words like Yoga. The words i.e., Horse and Ox have been spread and made known unauthentically in the form of killing Horse and Ox using their meats while performing holy Yajna whereas in whole of the Vedas in the matter of worship /spiritualism there has been no space left for violence. And what to say, where in Vedas the "Nar-Megh Yajna" has been preached for cremation of the dead bodies to avoid spreading bacteria of diseases harmful to the humanity.

But it has also been misinterpreted like Ox and Horse that in the holy Yajna an alive man should be slaughtered. Due to these baseless and false statements Indian Vedic philosophy containing Yoga knowledge and other preach concerning the auspicious deeds for human beings was made ruined.That a nation only stands and progresses due to its culture only .. We remained slaves for thousands of years .. During this period the Vedic
culture has been disappeared.That is why ,now a days most of the Sadhus/saints have started telling that Yajna and Yoga Education are not required in married life and even not required at all.To some extent they have even started denying Yoga/Vedas without knowing the same,with the remarks that these educations are difficult.In this regard Guru Nanak Dev ji states that do not tell that Vedas are false ,he is liar who does not study and does not know Vedas.We must recollect that our forefathers,Rishis/Munis, even Lord Rama , Krishna including all the Public of the ancient time did Yoga and Yajna and adopted the same a Vedic culture as the best education in their life like:-

(a) To eat and live together with love as per Atherva Veda Mantra 3/30/6. This process is now also seen in the form of langer and distribution of meals
while sitting together after Yajna keeping aside the caste/poverty system and ravages of hatred. However ,we have forgotten doing Yoga practice and Yajna as per Vedic culture.

(b) To get progress in life together in form of a strong nation, to have equal good views of instigated deeds, to worship together, to utter mantras together, to do Yoga together without questioning caste or poverty, love each other in accordance with the preach vide RigVeda mantra 10/191/2.

(c) Serve to father, mother, and Spiritual master, help the poor and donate to the needy personnel in accordance with Yajur Veda mantra 1/1.

(d) Chalk out your duties for human beings, worship and serve the nation in each of your capacity like Minister, family, agriculture, students take care of animals, Jungles and so on as preached in four Vedas.

(e) To collect and attain all the good deeds from Vedas, other Holy Books. Concentrate mind and control all five organs, five senses and mind by doing Yoga practice. In this regard all four Vedas's preach on the matter of Yoga education is very widely and nicely described. Atharvaveda Kand 2, Sukt 16 preaches that overcome the death by Yoga educationand realize God too. Get long happy life duly free from all kinds of illness through the power of Yoga knowledge. Chapter Seven of YajurVeda preaches "Be a yogi and preach this education to others also". Saam Veda Mantra 1735 says that awake early in the morning and do Pranayanam(Yoga) and mantra1534 says that all the diseases will be removed by Yoga education. RigVeda Mantra 10/91/7 says that realize Almighty God by Yoga Philosophy. All Vedas authenticates that only a Yogi who controls his senses, organs and mind through the power of Yoga, realizes God. Saam Veda and Rig Veda say that God only appears in three places- 1st. While doing Yajna with Ved Mantras ,2nd in the heart of a Yogi Who did ashtang Yoga and attained Samadhi and
3rdly when a samadhi attained Yogi preaches Vedas.

So the Indian Vedic culture concludes that Yoga is only the best way to achieve the life target of realizing God and even to do auspicious deeds in family life to be a good citizen to establish a strong Nation. Now we come to the point to brief the Vedic Yoga philosophy.

To be continued

Yoga Philosphy and Meditation - Lecture 4

INTRODUCTION OF HOLY BOOK -PATANJALI YOGA DARSHAN

It is said in Ramayan by Tulsi Das vide Soratha 88-B, Verse-4 that without knowing one's greatness no faith generates, without faith no ever lasting love is developed and without the love a firm adoration cannot be installed. As you have already learnt a lot about the origin objects and greatness etc. of Yoga knowledge in the previous series. In fact Yoga description about its lordship is beyond imagination and calculation. So undoubtedly the Yoga knowledge required a firm faith, love and adoration for installation of the same in our heart.

Our ancient Rishis and Munis have blessed us with their experiences in the form of 6 Shastras amongst other holy books. Shastras are called Darshanas also. These shastras are famous to be known in the form of pairs like combination of Nayaya and Vaishaishik, Samkhaya and Yoga and 3rd pair of Mimansa and Vedanta. This combination is due to the fact that the philosophy of each pair is one and the same on most of the subject matters. Here we will study Patanjali Yoga Darshan mainly famous for its spiritual yoga preaching. It contains Samadhi Paad, Sadhana Paad, Vibhuti Paad and Kewalaya Paad. These 4 Paads contain a total no. of 195 Sutras wherein significance of Yoga with its paths, resources, spiritual prosperity from Yoga and final liberation are mainly described. It is written by Patanjali Muni and superb comments have been given on it by Vyas Muni. Both the Rishis were Yogi (i.e. had realized God). The knowledge of this Yoga Darshan is alone enough to attain the highest stage of final liberation with utmost merriment (Moksh) by virtue of practising its eight fold paths i.e. Yama, Niyama, Aasan, Paranayam, Pratayahar, Dharana, Dhayan (Meditation) and Samadhi (final liberation i.e., realization of God).

QUALITY OF SOUL, MONASTICISM AND SIMILARITY IN MANKIND

A deep knowledge of Monasticism is also very well preached therein, in absence of which, concentration of mind is not adhered to failing which no one is able to succeed in studying Yoga knowledge or practicing its eight fold paths to free a soul from the effect of three qualities of Nature (Prakriti)i.e., crime type sensuality, anger, greediness ,proud,untouchability , racial discrimination and other worldly sins. Three qualities of Prakriti are Raju, Tamo and Sato Gunas. We see ,from the ancient holy books like Mahabharta etc., that in the ancient time of Rishi,Munis,when whole Earth was controlled by single Emperor like Manu, Harishchandra,Dashratha, Rama, Yudishtra, then the said sins were, oftenly, not used to be done by the human-beings due to the effect of the Vedic Culture. Afterwards whenever the true saints took birth like Lord Christ, Hazrat Mohammad, Guru Nanak and Kabir etc., they always tried to follow the preach of uniting the public, promoting the brotherhood and killing ravages of hatred internationally. They always taught the Universe lesson that God is one and we all being His generation must love each other. And to live and let live others. By controlling all the Vritti of Chitta (which suppress the mankind to do sin) through the power of Yoga knowledge, soul remains in his own immortal, joyful and neat form ever separated from human body made of Prakriti. At this stage soul realizes God. Otherwise soul forgets his own joyful, neat and immortal form due to imprudence resulting in mixing with Prakriti as said in Kapil's Samkhaya Darshan Chapter 1 Sutra 19 and 20.

One point is also very clear that Yoga being voice of God in form of Vedas and God being our all's father, it is ever away from the influence of communalism, country, caste, color and religions etc., and therefore Yoga Philosophy preached in the Vedas is equally applicable for all human beings.
Now you may know that the accomplished knowledge of Yoga has come out from Almighty God in four Vedas. Almighty means that God has all powers complete in all respects within Him. Therefore, he needs no assistance for doing any thing in the Universe but on the other hand we (Jivatma) are dependent. For example we (soul) see through eyes and listen from ears and cannot do any deed without receiving help. That is why we are called souls (Jivatama). On the other hand God is Almighty. So he needs no media to see, listen, nurse, destroy or to create the world etc. Yajur Veda mantra 3 of Chapter 31 enlightens that mere His power is enough for doing such deeds and these great deeds like creation, destructions and nursing etc., are even not sufficient to describe or compare His greatness because He is above all. On such matter in Bhagwat Geeta, Lord Krishna also states in Shloka 41 of Chapter 10 that whatever creation is seen that is only from my one portion of power i.e., rest of the power is unlimited. So the knowledge of Vedas is generated and flowered in the heart of four ancient Rishis at the time of creation without any media like mouth, paper ink or pen etc. This fact is seen also in Tulsi Das Ramayana under couplet 117 verse 3 that without legs God walks, listens without ears, does deeds without hands, feels without skin and tastes without tongue and without mouth speaks unlimitedly, being Almighty/independent.

Keeping in view the word Almighty, Yoga knowledge is also an accomplished preach in Vedas and needs no addition and alteration due to the fact that the knowledge comes out direct from Almighty God in Vedas.
Yoga, in fact, is God's imparted knowledge in Vedas for the benefit of mankind. This precious diamond has gathered by heart and passed on from one generation to another as word of mouth by the ancient Rishis. Rishi Yagavalka says this truth in his smiriti (Yagvalka Smiriti) :
'Hiranye Garbho Yogasya Vakta.'
Meaning - Hiranye Garbho = God is Light, Yogasya = of Yoga Vakta - Spokesman (God does not speak by mouth. He is Almighty and thus generated the Vedas and Yoga knowledge in the heart of ancient Rishis through his unseen, unlimited power. Because this is very much clear to every body that God being Almighty is empowered to do the same without any assistance of mouth, pen, paper and ink etc. So here Vakta means Donor.) Therefore, Yagvalka Rishi says that God is the Donor of Yoga Knowledge by all means.

So the precious diamond gathered by heart by the Rishis was for the first time compiled by Vyas Muni in Book form on Bhoj Patra (a kind of leaf) during Duaper Period about 5500 years ago.
Again these Vedas were published during Press Time in 18th century. This has been the culture of all human beings right from the beginning of Earth.
The words of Yoga and Vedas are thus Super-natural. That is why all Veda mantras including Yoga's words mentioned there in are called Brahm words. Because like God, these words are not temporal, worldly or destructive. That is why Almighty God is called first Spiritual Master (Guru) of the ancient Rishis, of the time when first time Earth is created .Thereafter His Vedic/Yoga Philosophy is being spread by the then Rishis/Munis/saints and now by the present saints. So, the requirement of an alive spiritual master is a fundamental law to learn truth about materialistic/spiritual knowledge. But see that the words come out from the mind of human beings cannot be of such nature, mind being made of Prakriti, Prakriti being destructive, changeable and material one.

From the above statement we come to a conclusion that Vedas, Yoga and God are interlinked and cannot be separated from each other. Where there is practice of Yoga, undoubtedly God is realized there. As our eyes see every object through the media of sunlight, similarly after getting the knowledge or practicing the same, in result, we get supernatural eye by virtue of which Almighty God is realized. So Yoga is a Union with the Universal Soul (God). YajurVeda preaches about the practicing of Yoga and its spiritual result in Mantra 5 of Chapter 7 with the wording -
'Aapa Anter Yame Madayasava'
i.e., O! Aspirant, by virtue of practicing internal eight fold paths of Yoga (Yama, Niyama etc.) realize the utmost merriment and shower the same to others also. So the Aspirant who did Yoga and attained samadhi is also called Yogi who is at the highest stage amongst three categories 1st Ascetics (Tapasavi), secondly those who are having bookish knowledge only regarding holy books and thirdly at last those who do religious deeds with desires (These lines are taken from Bhagwat Geeta Chapter 6, Shaloka 46). So it is a special blessing of God to a person who draws attention and concentration of his mind to learn Yoga knowledge and practice thereof.
Our ancient Rishis learnt and practised Yoga traditionally from their spiritual master ( Guru) through Vedas and in the same manner Patanjali Rishi after attaining the last path of Yoga as Samadhi, preached the Yoga knowledge in his Yoga Darshan for beneficence of mankind. Actually it is an eternal truth that a Yogi can only teach Yoga well. The 'Sutra' is a Sanskrit language word. In English it is known as aphorism. We will use word Sutra here.
The Sutras mentioned in Patanjali Yoga Darshan have never been opposed in any other Darshan. Instead, it is seen that Yoga Darshna's Sutras impression have been seen in most of the Shastras, specially in Samkhaya Darshan, in the form of subjects like creation, nature (prakriti) etc. These are almost all same as described in 'Samkhaya Darshan' in principle.
First paad of Yoga Darshan is -
'SAMADHI PAAD'
In this Paad the description of kind of Samadhi, Vritti, practice, monasticism, trust in God, knowledge of obstacles in Yoga and its removals are described in detail.

2nd Paad of Yoga Darshan is Sadhana Paad. In this Paad the ways to get Samadhi, shape of falsehood and true knowledge, five afflictions and way of its removal, theory of deeds, aim of universe, soul, eight fold path of Yoga, significance of paranayam etc.
3rd Padd is Vibhuti Paad - detailed description of meditation and Samadhi and its result viz. - internal and external of 8 fold path of Yoga, Chitta, Yoga property, final liberation stage etc.
4th Paad is Kevalya Paad - purified Chitta with final liberation and other ways of attainments (Sidhis). Deeds of Yogi and deeds of those who are not Yogi, eternal residual potencies (Vasna). The ways of Chitta's knowledge, soul and chitta are different, self realised person benefited for Samadhi, self realization / final liberation.

Most of the ideas of Samkhaya Darshan and Yoga Darshan are same, so both the Darshans are linked together. For example Samkhaya philosophy regarding cosmos is the same as that of Yoga philosophy.
Study of Patanjali Yoga Darshan gives knowledge to begin with Yoga practice in form of eight fold paths. Yoga Darshan begin with 1st Paad of Samadhi wherein Patanjali Rishi preaches his 1st Sutra (aphorism) as under :
'Atha Yoganushasanam' - Yoga Darshan Samadhi Paad Sutra 1.
Meaning - Atha - now start, Yoga - of Yoga Anushasanam - Preaching of Yoga knowledge.
There are 6 Shastras / Darshans out of which five Rishis have started Sutra from the word Atha as given below. At serial no. (f) below Mahabhashaya is also started by Panini Muni with the same word Atha as mentioned under :

  1. Atha Yoga Anushasanam (Yoga Darshan by Patanjali Muni, Samadhi Paad Sutra 1).

  2. 'Atha Trividhihi Dukhaha Atayanta Nivritihi Atayanta Purusharthaha' - (Kapil Muni's Samkhaya Darshan, Chapter 1 Sutra 1).

  3. Atha ataha Brahm Jigyasa. (Vedanta Darshan by Vyas Muni Chapter 1, Paad 1, Sutra 1).

  4. Atha ataha Dharam Jigyasa (Mimansa Darshan by Jamini Rishi Chapter 1, Paad 1, Sutra 1).

  5. Atha Atahe Darshan Vyakhyasyamaha (Vaisheshik Darshan by Kanad Rishi Chapter 1 Mahanikam sutra 1)

  6. Atha Shabda Anushasanam(Mahabhasya i.e.,Sanskrit grammer by Panini Muni,Chapter1,Sutra1)

From the above we see that most of the Rishis have used word Atha at the beginning of the Darshan. There are so many meanings of this word. But according to the above Sutra here the pronunciation of this word 'Atha' is considered blissful and prosperous. Thus its meaning is not considered blissful but only its pronunciation is considered blissful. Similarly in most of the religious sects the echo of conch (Shankha) in temple etc., is considered blissful.

Where 'Atha' word is an indication to begin the preach of Yoga philosophy in the Darshans, on the other hand it has also indicated full command on the Philosophy and this command runs from beginning right from the first Sutra till end of Yoga Darshan. So Patanjali Muni used this word giving indication of his full command of Yoga Philosophy, secondly beginning of preach in the Darshana and 3rdly the pronunciation of the word 'Atha' is accepted as blissful and prosperous.
A philosopher like Patanjali Muni is only capable to preach the unattainable, deep, greatest, adorable and eternal Yoga philosophy since the Muni had full command on it because of his supernatural knowledge through the power of Yoga. Our ancient Yogis were well versed with every knowledge right from blade of grass up to the Almighty God through Yoga Philosophy. That is why the words used by them in their Darshan are superb and related to super natural power. So is with the Yoga Darshan.

In view of the said facts, it is not easy to comment on Yoga Philosophy and that too exactly on the same line which the ancient Yogi realised in Samadhi. It requires the supernatural power. Aspirant also needs to have faith on Yoga Knowledge as well as on present Yogi to gain it.
We have studied the first superb word 'Atha' of the 1st Sutra. Now we come to the next word Yoga and Anushasanam. Actually in Sanskrit, there are some Dhatus by which words are generated. For example see Sanskrit word Vishnu. The dhatu used in it is called Vishliri dhatu the meaning of which is Omnipresent who is only Almighty God. So the meaning of word Vishnu is Almighty God who is one and is father of all of us. See second example of Sanskrit word Veda. Vid dhatu produces the word Veda the meaning of word Veda comes from Vid dhatu means knowledge. So the meaning of word Veda is knowledge. So Vedas are not books. Vedas are knowledge which comes out from God and is generated in the heart of ancient Rishis.
Word Yoga is also made from Yuj dhatu which means Samadhi. So the meaning of word Yoga is Samadhi that is the stage of a Yogi in continuous meditation where his soul sees God (ie., realization). Thus the Yogi realises God and attains the final Liberation stage (Moksh). So Yoga is Samadhi. Now we study the word Anushasanam. There are two words in Anushasanam. Ist Anu and second is Shasanam. The meaning of word Anu is 'AFTER'. And the meaning of word Shasanam is 'TO PREACH'. So the meaning of word Anushasanam is 'To preach After'. This word Anu throws light that after study of vedas, adopting religious path and after doing long practice of Yoga traditionally from Guru, a Yogi becomes able to attain the stage of Samadhi. So this is the secrecy of word 'Anu'. See the effect of word Anu in Yajur Veda Mantra 6 and 7 Chapter 40 :-

Mantra 6 -

'Yastu Sarvani Bhutani Atman Eva Anu pashayati'
Meaning - Anu means after. So the meaning of above mantra will be - The Yogi who sees (realises) all souls and senseless material of the Universe in God After studying vedas, adopting religious path and after doing Yoga practice, then only he never feels misunderstanding and gets final liberation.

Mantra 7 -

  • 'Yasmin Sarvani Bhutani Atm Eva Abhuta Vijanatah
    Tatra ko Mohaha kaha Sokaha Akatavam Anu Pashyataha.'
    Meaning of word ANU is After. So the meaning of the Mantra is: After doing Yoga practice when a Yogi sees (realises) all souls equivalent to his soul then he never falls in attachment and sorrows. So this is the meaning of word 'ANU'.
    The meaning of word Shasanam being 'To preach', the whole wording - 'YOGA ANUSHASANAM' has superb meaning -
    To preach Yoga after studying Vedas, adopting religious path and doing Yoga practice'
    And these qualities are very well seen in ancient Rishis as well as in Patanjali Muni who preached Yoga knowledge in his Yoga Darshana.

    Now by prefixing the word 'Atha' in the above wording, the meaning of word Atha are blissful, prosperous, indication to begin the preach of Yoga Philosophy.So the Sutra Atha anushasanam will be as under -

    • Simple wording meaning -
      Now preach on Yoga Philosophy begins.

    • Deep meaning - for the bliss of aspirants, the traditional philosophy of Yoga based on Vedas and realised by the Rishis/Munis is begun to preach in commanding position.

    In view of the meaning of each word of the sutra explained above it is concluded that Patanjali Muni too adopted the religious path with the result of studying Vedas and AFTER practising philosophy of Yoga in the form of Asthang Yoga Viz. Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayam, Pratyahaar, Dharna, Dhyan (Meditation) and Samadhi, he attained command over Yoga philosophy and AFTER that he started preaching of the same for the bliss for aspirants in his Yoga Darshan Holy Book.

    You see that Patanjali Muni did not use the word only 'Shasanam' in his Sutra i.e. mere study and not practising Yoga but he used the word Anushasanam where the word 'Anu' enlightens that 'AFTER' studing Vedas, accordingly adopting religious path and thus doing hard practice of Ashtang Yoga, he first attained Samadhi stage and took command on Yoga philosophy, thereafter only, he preached the same in Yoga Darshan Holy Book. As referred in previous series, wherein at one place Kapil Muni says if the Yoga philosophy is not adopted in practical form, only a blind faith in generation will grow up and the truth will never be realized. However it is seen that to carry on with the Yoga philosophy deep study of Vedas is not required essentially by an Aspirant but his spiritual master like ancient Rishi must have been a philosopher of Vedas as well as of Yoga.

    You may be surprised to learn the meaning of the Vedic words 'Anu' etc., and the secret thereof. But if you will watch the vedic Philosophy and of Ancient Rishis thereon, it will be seen that these Vedic words are called 'Brahm words'. (in Hindi and in Sanskrit - Shabd brahm) generated by God in the heart of Ancient first four Rishis. Therefore being divine words, the same have divine and secret meanings. These meanings are open in a Yogi's heart only.

    Saam Veda (saamavaod) Mantra 7 has already thrown Light about two main types of Languages :
    First is God's voice generated in the heart of ancient four Rishis in the form of four Vedas which is called Giraha language.

    Second is general language used by human beings which is called Ithaha language.

    Please see an extract of Divine wording of Yajur veda mantra 1, chapter 1 to gain knowledge of its secrecy as under :
    'Devaha Vayavaha Stha Vaha Shreshthatamaya karmane Prarpayatu'
    In the above mantra the word -
    'Shreshthatamaya karmane' - has been used for doing auspicious deeds. But the clear cut meaning of the same is kept secret. To know the divine meaning of the same an ancient Muni was asked to explain. He was a Yogi,named Muni Yaska who wrote Shathpath Brahman Holy Book. He went into Samadhi through the power of Yoga knowledge and got the real meaning as under:-
    'Yajjo Vai Shrastamam karmaha'
    i.e., Yajna is the best auspicious deed amongst all. So is with the word 'Ashwaha' in Vedas as well as in Shastras.

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