Vedic Time Management
Yajurveda mantra 3/6 states that the earth resolves around the Sun, with the result time calculation is made. Atharvaveda mantra 9/9/11, 12, 13 and 14 state about the kaalchakra (cycle of time). Atharvaveda kand 19, sukta 53 and sukta 54 tell about cycle of time (kaal chakra). So the study of said mantras will give the knowledge of time management. In Yajurveda the life has been divided into four parts i.e., Brahamcharya, Grahasth, Vanprastha and Sanyas. Every ashram requires the knowledge of time management for which the said Ved mantras are required to be studied deeply. And every second of the life must be utilized to discharge our moral duties. For example- earth is moving, wind is blowing and both do not take rest. In Vedas, it is told clearly that morning meets night and night meets morning and such cycle never ends. Similarly, a man work restlessly/continuously without break. Though night has been earmarked by God for rest. Yet nidra has been called a vritti which has to be controlled by an aspirant.
Misuse of time doesn't allow us to know the value of time for effective time management. Such knowledge is attained by spending time with a learned acharya who teaches special knowledge of prannayam and meditation by which aspirant becomes able to gain divine knowledge which helps the aspirant to manage time effectively. Really a sharp mind (in yog shastra sutra 1/48 it is called Ritambhra Tatra Pragya i.e., extra ordinary, intellectual mind) only knows the essence of time management. Suppose, any individual having normal knowledge is allotted duties to discharge within a stimulated time then he will not be able to get success.)
The best utilization of time is made by a stable, sharp mind and not by fickle/unsteady mind. But it has been seen that everyone does not have a stable, sharp mind.
Atharvaveda mantra 4/1/4 states that Almighty God establishes the heavenly bodies emitting light as well as the earth and maintains the same under His rules. God provides the souls with different types of bodies based on the pious deeds or sins of the souls as mentioned in Rigveda Mandal10, Sukta 129. Accordingly, He (God) gives the mind (brilliant, less brilliant, dull etc.) to the human beings. But this is clarified in all four Vedas that our present, pious deeds and worship of God obliterates our sins and makes our mind sharp or brilliant. So shaping of our destiny is given by God in our hands because God helps those who help themselves.
As said in Yog Shastra sutra 1/48- Ritambhara (established in truth and knows about truth and falsehood well) Tatra (i.e., hard working devotee's) Pragya (special, sharp mind/ intellect). So, as said above, even a dull mind given by God can be made extraordinarily, brilliant by present pious deeds. And only brilliant mind knows the value of time and therefore makes the best utilization of time. Such brilliant mind has full concentration on any point or matter of the world. But such mind is obtained by doing hard practice of Yam, niyam, asan, prannayam, pratyahar, dharnna, dhyan, Samadhi and study under guidance of an acharya/instructor, so spiritualism is first priority to obtain ill-free sharp, brilliant mind capable of managing time well.
Here I would like to state that Yajurveda mantra 40/14 preaches to achieve success in both paths simultaneously i.e., spiritualism as well as pious, worldly matters like progress in science, army and civil duties, agriculture and millions of worldly pious matters for which a pure, sharp mind is required, to manage the time properly. So, there is no doubt that without devoting time in real worship of God, devoting time only in materialistic pursuits will never be successful and will never give peace - this being the order of Almighty God. This is the reason that the time managed by higher authorities is not being properly used, indulging in laziness, fraud, corruption, bribery tensions, sensual pleasure, injustice, selfishness, etc.
It is unfortunate that spiritualism is being considered as personal matter, it is often not preached in schools colleges and universities. Even discussion on spiritualism in any establishment often makes spending fun on the speaker that is why, high education is gained and high posts are obtained but without peace, brotherhood, cooperation and ill-free, happy life. In the previous yugas (period) it was seen that the said vices did not exist religion being essential since birth and that is why, Sri Ram, Dashrath, Pandavas and ancient kings along with their subjects used to go to gurukuls since childhood to learn spiritualism as well as other subjects of science, geography etc., they really knew the essence of time management.
I have used both words - spiritual acharya and educated, experienced instructor teacher, etc. For example - Rigveda mantra 1/1/1 states to worship the formless, Almighty God who creates, nurses and destroys the universe and who is the donor of all types of assets even under the guidance of acharya /guru. The said preach relates to spiritualism.
Now Rigveda and other three Vedas state about all types of science. Rigveda mantra
1/34/1 states that human beings must work hard day and night. They must study the science and prepare aeroplanes, ships and vehicles to run on the road.
Rigveda mantra 1/33/14 states that like the sun whose ray of light attacks the clouds and causes rain and gives the pleasure to human beings a good trained army officer must train the army with his sharp and concentrated mind to destroy the enemies to protect the public to enable them to live peacefully. Next mantra states that the army commander must punish the culprits and enemies to protect the gentle public.
Fickle/unsteady mind of any soldiers/civil person always wanders hither and thither and loses physical as well as mental strength due to lack of concentration while working on a subject/matter so he will not be able to deal with the war situation honestly, faithfully and successfully because he has to take several decisions within a short span of time. A stable, steadfast mind works like the example of sun rays. These rays when are observed by a person on the earth, are not so harmful as compared to those ray which pass through convex lens and are taken as convergent beam on the body of a person. Because the several scattered rays are converged into a coherent beam after passing through convex lens. Such rays have been united on a point and thus have become powerful. So is the case of a human being, when a person has not controlled his chitta vritti.
YOGAH CHITTA VRITTI NIRODHAH
Meaning--- yogah= yoga, chitta=combination of intellect, egotism and Mann, i.e., faculty which receives knowledge from five senses and passes the same to intellect. Vritti=effect of various forms, nirodhah= stoppage.
And thus has not been able to concentrate his mind on a particular task/ matter (one or more) he loses mental and physical power and is not able to make the best utilization of time as to achieve success. You see in the matter of leaders, army officers, police officers, scientists journalists, judges, advocates and teachers, instructors and several other intellectuals it is most essential that they have concentration, mental as well as physical power and ability to reach at the best decisions while doing duties to save the country within shortest possible time and thus to build a strong nation.
Vedas tell that such sharp and mind with full concentration is obtained by an aspirant when he works hard under guidance, obeying the order of acharya/instructor. When he becomes able to concentrate his mind then only he becomes able to discharge his duties faithfully and to reach at best decision regarding several entrusted duties within shortest time. Such person will never take a wrong decision etc., he always gains victory and is not defeated.
Such person is always away from the bad thoughts due to the best result of his training under guidance of spiritual acharya as well as instructor/trainer (the said instructor/trainer could have also attained the spiritual knowledge just like Sri Ram etc., mentioned above because due to lack of practice of Yam, Niyam, asan, prannayam, pratyahar, dharnna, dhyan and Samadhi as I have already told above. It is not possible that a person would be able to concentrate his mind to discharge his duties faithfully). Yajurveda mantra 10/72 and 73 state that such well trained person is always away from attachment, hatred, jealousy, ego, pride, injustice, corruption selfishness, sensuality, etc.
The army and public of kings like Harishchandra, Dashrath, Pandavas are the examples of such stable and religious mind. They used to discharge their national and social obligations faithfully. There never occurred any instance of suicide, disobeying of seniors/elders, jealousy, etc.
They even used to stay away from their families for a long period of time but due to the stable/righteous mind and knowing the importance as well as aim of human life, they never got frustrated, etc. They utilized the time of separation from families very patiently and peacefully.
Rigveda mantra 1/95/7 states that at a stipulated time, the universe is created by God and sun, moon and each matter of the universe comes into existence. When the sun rises and sets at proper time the seasons occur at proper time.
So a person after being a learned as told above, very well knows the essence of time management. One should learn from the sun, seasons and other divine activities of universe which occur within stipulated time. So we must also do our duties/ job fixing a time limit, for which we must practice hard.
Rigveda mantra 1/95/8 states that it is only time which introduces us the person/each materialistic article of the universe. I mean to say at the time of final destruction, universe is destroyed and turns into prakriti. Prakriti is invisible being in minutest form. At a proper time, God's power works in Prakriti and again universe is created. So it is time which gives the bodies to the souls and human beings become able to meet with parents and others and come to know about each article of universe. So we must not waste the time and shun laziness, do hard work and pious deeds for benefit for self and others.
Yajurveda mantra 18/23 states that those who discharge their duties/deeds within a stipulated time and adopt a righteous/religious path, they always attain proficiency in their task. So laziness is strictly prohibited by Vedas.
A person acquires a sharp mind well established/stabilized in religion i.e., having complete insight into righteousness. This acquisition is possible by way of listening of Vedas, during hard ashtang yoga practice and seeking shelter/guidance of learned acharya. So, based on the previous lives' deeds and study done in present life, the knowledge generates within heart automatically. Such sharp mind shall automatically be able to manage the time well and will reach at correct decisions to tackle several matters within short period of time.
Hence, it may also be concluded that mind which has not been made sharp by studies and spiritualism will reach at incorrect decisions, taking long time for decision making and thus cause harm to self and others.
Atharvaveda mantra 9/9/12 states that Kaal chakra has five legs which are:-
UTKSHEPANN (Throwing upwards), AVKSEPANN (Throwing downwards), AAKUNCHAN (Contraction), PRASARRANN(Expansion), GAMAN(Movement).
UTKSHEPANN, AVKSEPANN, AAKUNCHAN, PRASARRANN, GAMAN are the five deeds of kaal chakra which are indication of its movement.
Action takes place and movement of the action is measured in the shape of kaal charka (cycle of time). Cycle of day and night, seven days of a week, Krishna paksh and Shukla paksh(fortnight cycle) twelve months, cycle of seasons owing to movement of sun in southern hemisphere and northern hemisphere and cycle of hundred years(cycle of century) exists and in the said kaal chakra the whole universe has been dedicated keeping in view, the cycle of time which never takes rest and which passes away never returns. We must be alert to mange the time properly, to avoid its wastage.
Atharvaveda 9/9/13 states that kaal charka (cycle of time) is of twelve Errays i.e., like spokes of wheel. Twelve months are its spokes. Kaal chakra never becomes old/ancient and therefore is everlasting. It has unchangeable established/constant movement, which tells us to work hard in our whole life regularly without break under best time management. The time management will have to be achieved keeping in view the conclusion of about two mantras.
Ideas of Atharvaveda Kand 19 sukta 53- kaal charka (cycle of time)
4. Kaal chakra never becomes old, is most powerful and always keeps moving. It is like a horse. The cycles of time is also beneficial like a horse in all circumstances, on which learned, sharp and stable minded person rides to make use of the cycle of time to get perfection in all pious deeds to achieve the motto of human life. So ability of time management is automatically achieved by such learned person.
5. Mantra 2- This time moves seven wheels, i.e. three tenses - past, present, future and four directions. These seven wheels are also the naval of time. The existence of time is immortal. It is the first divine matter of the universe. So time is omnipresent and eternal. All deeds of universe get perfection through time. Appropriate utilisation of time enables a man to achieve progress.
6. Mantra 3- In the mantras symbolic expressions have been used stating that on the top of kaal (time), a filled pot is placed i.e., time is full of all types of worldly as well as divine assets which are obtained by the best use of the time, without even wasting a Kshann (moment).
The said pot is seen by the present aspirants i.e., the present public is able to manage time well to get the assets placed in the said pot. The time is always in motion i.e., labouring on. Such most powerful time is every where and is within the power of Almighty God. The greatness/worth of time is experienced/realised and known by learned, stable, sharp minded person alone.
It is most knowledgeable and thoughtful mantra that on the top of time, there is placed a pot filled with worldly and divine assets i.e., the best use of the time enables a person to get the said assets. Worldly assets are in the shape of getting higher education, top most ranks, health, wealth even the rule of entire world whereas divine assets are in the shape of all eight siddhis, nine Ridhis, internal divine experiences and to get experience of divine pleasure of attaining salvation.
Best use of the time means time is labouring on advising us to go ahead without wasting even a second or kshann. So we may be in army, police or any establishment or even in childhood, we have to move ahead keeping aside laziness.
Essence of Time Management
Just as mind is blowing and water flows continuously in the river so the human-beings must always do pious, hard-work for family, society and nation continuously.
Rigveda mantra 1/164/12 gives the knowledge about "TIME" like kshann(moment of time which is the minutest and indivisible part of time), mahoort, Prahar, Ahoratra, Saptaha (week), maas (month), and Varsh(year).
Earth rotates on its axis as well as revolves around the sun. This rotation causes formation of day and night called "AHORATRA" 'A' and "TRA" when separated from word "AHORATRA" lead to formation of word "HORA" Hora consists of eight prahar and thirty mahoorts.
One Ahoratra = 24 hours.
Now, eight Prahar = 24 Hours.
Hence, One Prahar = 3 hours.
Also, thirty mahoort = 24 hours.
One Mahoort=24/30X60 minutes = 48 minutes.
15-15 Ahoratra are composed of shukla and Krishna paksha forming one month and twelve months form a year.
RIGVEDA MANDAL 10 SUKTA 14
MANTRA 1 - time pervades all the articles of the universe and controls them. Time is the cause of the creation, sustenance and destruction of all matters of universe. I mean to say that sun moves continuously i.e., all such activities takes place at a proper time.
MANTRA 2 - The movement of life of each living-being begins in womb itself. Destruction of body does not hinder the movement of life (since soul is alive and immortal). The 'time' controls the journey of the soul. All alive and non-alive matters meet with their respective consequences as per their deeds and rules. All have to pursue their respective journey.
So keeping in view the movement of immortal time we must manage the time well discharging personal as well as social/national duties. This management must be work out by the sharp, stable mind to discharge duties within specified intervals of time.
For example- school, college and universities hold classes having periods of specific durations, one for a specified time. Army, police and other types of training periods are also specific. In Vedas, God tells that "Brahma Moohrat" which starts early in the morning from four O' clock till the sunrise must be earmarked for a spiritual pursuit. Similarly, in the evening or the night, one hour or more must be earmarked for spiritualism. Rest of the time of full day is to discharge the moral duties for students, family holders. As regards Vannprasthis and sanyasis they have to devote more and more time for spiritualism.
The student while studying must choose his motto of life as to what he wants to become. Accordingly, he must study hard to make his mind sharp, stable and extra-ordinary. So that he becomes able to solve lot of problems within less time which is a criteria for his selection to various fields. Department of army, police and several other departments divide the time for completion of training courses etc., which are to be adhered to, so as to utilise full time.
The main thing which is required to be considered deeply is that God has given twelve hours of a day and twelve hours of a night. Now, we have got twenty four hours which are to be utilised by all families, children, students and all departments quoted above, so that while discharging our moral duties daily we become able to make our future bright and we observe ill free, long, happy life which further gives us everlasting divine pleasure of salvation. So how we use twenty four hours, it depends on the time management made for children, students and further in services, business, agriculture etc., by our learned teachers, departments and instructors.
Atharvaveda mantra 10/4/7 states that "PAIDVAHA" the person who is regular in doing hard work, he is "AJAYAT" i.e., wonderful powers generate within him. "IMANI PADA" the path of such person is to kill the "ARVATAHA" bad desires and "AHIGNAYAHA" to obliterate the destructive elements and as such the person is full of powers i.e., mental as well as physical and is able to make the best use of time.
[His mind is able to solve several tedious, questions within no time.]
In the next mantra, 10 it is preached that such person who controls his senses , perceptions and mind destroys the disturbances which lead to less of concentration.
Yog shastra sutra 3/52 states - The minutest part of the time is kshann i.e., a moment of time. Kshann cannot be further divided. After passing of a kshann , another kshann transcends. In between the two kshanns there is no time gap. Time flows continuously. Such continuous flow of kshann is called series of time.
As I told above, when a person even slightly devotes time to practice the yoga philosophy, then he becomes able to concentrate well.
When an aspirant restrains himself i.e., exercises saiyam in kshann and in series of time then he attains knowledge duly generated from vivek i.e., wisdom.
The mind collects the knowledge of day and night to utilize it to the best. I would like to give the definition of saiyam Yog shastra sutra 3 /4 written by Patanjali Rishi states that when an aspirant applies Dharnna, Dhyan and Samadhi- The three parts at a time to an object that is called Samyam. Means the Acharya/instructor/teacher etc., is applying his three parts of Ashtang Yoga philosophy at a time to an object. It is called Samyam. Such mind works on several matters at a time but the Samyam is attained by practising Yoga philosophy. That is why, in ancient times, all kings like Harishchandra, Dashrath, Ram etc., and their Subjects had knowledge of Yoga philosophy and had acquired knowledge duly generated by vivek by virtue of practise of Yoga philosophy. So knowledge of yoga philosophy though is meant to realise God but God says in Vedas that a person should first discharge his duties towards nation, society and family etc., and while discharging duties with sharp mind which is acquired by practising ashtang yoga philosophy, he at last attains salvation.
So time management is effectively done by a real aspirant who attains sharp mind through yoga philosophy and controlling five senses, five perceptions and mind.
Yog shastra sutra 3/4 hence based on Vedic philosophy states when a person applies Dharnna, Dhyan and Samadhi at a time to an object then it is called Saiyam. For example- If the aspirant wants to know all about a cow. Then cow is his object. Then his sharp mind will use Dharnna (concentration on body of cow) Dhyan= he knows that he is concentrating on cow and no other matter interferes in such Dhyan (meditation) of cow and immediately the third stage comes of Samadhi wherein he even forgets himself for sometime and indulges in cow and gets to know all about the cow.
Similarly, when the aspirant applies samyam in army, police, agriculture etc., he will be able to know all about the matters where he applies samyam and he becomes capable to do work on several matters within a short span of time with success. Now, we come to the point that if a person is not able to learn yoga practice etc., then he must try to learn something from Vedas and must do hard study on his task to enable himself to utilise time efficiently. In Vedas, there is only one way to know essence of time management and to utilise time most efficiently. That is, by listening Vedas from an acharya and doing practice of Ashtang yoga i.e., Yam, Niyam, aasan, Prannayam, pratyahaar, dharna, Dhyan and Samadhi. So hard practice without listening Vedas and without doing Ashtang yoga practice will also make the person able to manage time but not so efficiently, accurately and beneficially as the person who listen Vedas and does ashtang yoga practice like Sri Ram, Krishna, Harishchandra, Bharat, Janak etc., who were great warriors and monarchy.
So, nowadays, if people are not related to spiritualism seriously and join army, civil services, politics, pursue business, farming, etc. They may develop their mind on the issue by doing hard study of concerned books i.e., maths, science, G.K. etc., because essence of time management is well understood and followed by a sharp mind only but such mind which is prepared by hard worldly study alone i.e., without spiritualism, will mostly not be faithful on any matter and even fail to be honest. And if he will be discharging his duties honestly, by the result of his previous pious deeds, then also he will not get peace in his mind/heart and will be inflicted with ego, pride causing problems to family, society and nation.
No doubt asan, prannayam or worship of God may be a subject of spending fun or astonishment nowadays but who can change the unchangeable law of Almighty God. I mean to say such minds which are sharp actually have the ability to manage time efficiently to discharge all entrusted duties as explained above.
It is observed that man-made machinery gets worn out in industries and requires timely oiling, servicing etc. In the other hand, God made mind becomes sharper when used continuously. So naturally there will be another example when based on result of pious deeds of previous lives, an individual is provided with sharp/intelligent mind without worship/practice of yoga philosophy.
But it is clear that a dull mind becomes brilliant/outstanding intellectually if it does hard study and follows eternal religious path to practice asan, prannayam, etc.
I have told above that spiritualism including asan, prannayam, meditation begins from childhood as per Vedas, which is stopped after Mahabharata war with the result frustration, illusion, ravages of hatred, illiteracy, injustice, insulting women, early death, diseases, problems, tensions, baseless- war, poverty, mal-nutrition, caste-system and vices have taken place. So, Government must start spiritual education including Vedas all over the country from nursery and upward classes for the betterment of the society and to make the nation strong. It will help our children as well as citizen to make the best use of time.