Translations of few Rigved, Saamved and Atharvaveda mantras
Sandeep: Please for me quote & explain the following mantras even if it takes reply in various parts:
Rigveda 2/1/11; 3/30/10; 9/67/30
Atharvaveda 20/127/1,2,3; 20/21/6; 20/21/9
Also can you tell me how Vedas can really be a revelation because in many verse it feels as if the rishi's are guiding say Yajurveda 13/4;40/16;16/15.
TVAMAGNE ADITIRDEVA DASUSHE TVAM HOTRA BHARTI VARDHASE GIRA.
TVAMILA SATAHIMASI DAKSHASE TVAM VRITRAHA VASUPATE SARASVATI.
(Rig Ved 2/1/11)
'Dev' means enlighted "Agne" means a learned, spiritual master who gives knowledge "Aditihi" means like a light from space, i.e., knowledge, which knowledge he showers to the concerned "Tvam" means you are "hotra" to accept. "Bharti" means like a girl who attains knowledge "Girah" means Ved voice full of knowledge from which "Vardhse" you get progress "Tvam" means you "Dashuse" means the disciple who donates and serves the learned Guru " Shathima" means she who hashundred years of age "Ida" means you are like female preacher "Asi" means are "O Vasupate" means saviour of assets "Tvam" means you "Vritraha" like a sun who kills the clouds and "Saraswati" like Ved voice full of divine knowledge with science etc.
Meaning: O enlighted learned, who gives knowledge. You enlight the qualities of divine knowledge like a light of sun from sky/space, you becoming like a learned girl to accept, get progress with beautiful education and knowledge full from Ved mantras. O saviour of assets! You are like a sun who kills the clouds and showers rain and like a divine knowledge and knowledge of science etc.
ALAATRINO BALA INDRA BRAJO GOH PURA HANTORBHAYAMANO VYARA.
SUGAANPATHO AKRINON NIRJE GAAH PRAVANVANIHI PURUHOOTAM DHAMANTIHI.
(Rigveda mantra 3/30/10)
"O Indra, You!", Indra means giver of all the best merriment and assets/wealth etc., i.e., God, "Alaatrinaha" means the destroyer of universe "Balaha" means who has all supreme powers i.e., Almighty "brajaha" means capable to move everywhere i.e.,omnipresent because omnipresent God needs not to move anywhere. "Bhayamanaha" means those who fear; for them you "Sugaan" means the path on which the persons go happily that "Pathaha" means paths "Vee, Aar" means specially meet us who. "Pura" means first "Goho" means of earth "hantoho" means to destroy "Akrinot" means do who "Puruhutoom" means praiseworthy by several. "Dhamantihi" means generating words "Vanihi" means along with best education. "Gaha" means moving Ved mantras i.e., spreading the knowledge of Ved mantras "Pra" means the best "Aavan" means who protects the best, all those (both) to carry the both "nirje" means make yourself able to meet us specially.
Meaning: Here the meaning of both is spreading the knowledge of Ved mantras and secondly the path to follow by the persons. Now the meaning is O! The giver of all, the best merriment and assets/wealth etc., the destroyer of universe etc., possessor of all supreme powers and capable to move everywhere means omnipresent i.e., O God with all powers and with all your fear, destroy them who try to destroy the eternal Vedic philosophy and the earth i.e., peace on earth etc., and you make available yourself for those who are keen to follow the best Vedic path with its teachings. Here the meaning of Indra is not any devta who showers the rains etc., because in Vedas there is only one Almighty God who creates, nurses and destroys the universe Himself without any assistance and He is only Adorable.
God gives our result of deeds, gives pious for good deeds and sin for bad deeds and destroys the devil i.e., God is fearful for the devils who try to destroy the earth (peace etc), but gives merriment to the gentlepeople who follow the path of Vedas. The meaning of "both" comes first those who are aspirants to follow the true path for which God makes path to follow through Vedas and secondly to kill those who try to destroy the earth. So here is prayer to God to meet the aspirant to shower on them the blessings and to meet those who try to destroy the earth, to destroy them.
ALAAYYASYA PARSHURNANASH TAMA PAVASVA DEVA SOMA
AAKHUM CHIDEVA DEVA SOMA
(Rigveda mantra 9/67/30)
"Som" means shape of merriment i.e., O God ! "Dev" means full of divine qualities i.e., Almighty God. "Alaayyasya" means those who are Devils having "Parshu" means weapons and always try to kill all. "Na naash" means destroy them. "Dev" means fullof divine qualities i.e., Almighty God" "Aa Pavasva" means please, You make me pure.
Meaning: O God ! You are the shape of merriment and full of all divine qualities. So you please try to destroy all weapons of devils who try to kill people. O God! Kindly make me pure. The meaning of make me pure is that the soul is already pure and resides in the bodies. But as the bodies of all souls is made of Raj, Tam and satva qualities of prakriti and due to lack of Vedic preach and effect of previous lives' bad deeds, the soul is attracted towards the said qualities. With the result, the soul has forgotten his own shape of purity, immortal and merriment etc., due to the effect of illusion (effect of three Gunas). So soul needs prayer, worship, listening and chanting the unlimited qualities of Almighty God from Vedas. Then soul requires, with the help of human body, to do practice of ashtang yoga by which true path, the illusion is over with the blessings of Almighty God and the spiritual Guru. Then soul realizes own shape and realizes even God within him. And this stage is called purified stage and that is why the prayer is being made to Almighty God to purify us and to kill the devils which He sure does if we follow the above true path. However mere prayer will do nothing. One will have to do hard task accordingly to achieve the motto.
IDAM JANA UP SHRUT NARASHANSA STAVISHYATE
SHASHTIM SAHASTRA NAVTIM CH KAURAM AA ROOSHMESHU DADMAHE
(Atharvaveda mantra 20/127/1)
"Janaha" means O people! "Idam" means this "Up" means with respect "Shruta" means listen that "Narashansaha" means those who attain praise amongst men (society) "Stavishyate" means will be honoured " Kauram" means O King! Wandering on the earth "Shashtim Sahastra" means sixty thousand "Ch" means and "Navtim" means ninety "Rooshmeshu" means warrior who kills the soldiers of enemy "Aa -Dadmahe" means we get.
Meaning: O people! By sitting near by with respect, listen this attentively. Those who attain praise amongst people will be praised. O King! Wandering on earth, we find ninety thousand and ninety soldiers with you who kill the enemy of opposite army.
Atharvaveda too say in mantra 1/1/2,3,4 to listen the preach of special master attentively and the same idea is framed in the above mantra so oneshould always listen Vedic preach attentively, leaving behind all illusion with free mind. In this mantra, those who have the qualities mentioned in Vedas for a king or a Yogi like king Dashrath, king Janak, king Harishchandra, king Sri Ram or like Vyas Muni, Kapil Muni, Vashisth Muni etc-etc., these dignitaries were adorable amongst people. They served the people a lot to protect them as a king or to give eternal knowledge of Vedas in the shape of Rishi, Muni and Yogi. The king used to save the people by giving justice etc., whereas the rishis used to give eternal knowledge ofVedas containing three knowledge --- knowledge of all matters and God etc., in Rigveda, knowledge of pious deeds and God in Yajurveda and knowledge of worship/yoga and God etc., in Saamveda and in Atharvaveda medicines and God etc.
So now also those who have the qualities mentioned in Vedas of kings and the qualities of Rishi-Muni /Guru, also mentioned in Vedas, are praiseworthy amongst people. Figure sixty thousand and ninety is of warriors of a king who fight with enemies of opposite army, commander being praiseworthy king. In Saamveda mantra 273, such type of supreme praise of a delighted king has also been mentioned. Mantra says that he who is the king of people, and who goes in achariot, he who is fixed on his post and destroys the devils, subduer of armies, I praise the supreme king. Such qualities of this Saamveda mantra are also applicable for God. Vedas do not have any story/history/name of any human-being etc., but have only fundamental laws.
USHTRA YASYA PRAVAAHANNO VADHUMANTO DWIRDASH
VARSHMA RATHASYA NI JIHEEDATE DIVA EESHMAANNA UPSPRISHAH
"Yasya" means the king, who "Rathasya" means of the chariot "Pravaahannaha" means for carrying "Eeshmannaha" means quick "Upsprishaha" means joined to chariot "Vadhumantaha" means with she camels "Dwirdash means twice ten "Ushtraha" means camels "Divah" means of crazed man "Varshma" means ofhighest post "Ni-jiheedate" means insult.
Meaning: The quicker she camels and camels twice ten in counting joined in a chariot of a king, insult the highest post of a crazy man.
In Vedas, the post of king in the highest post amongst the people, but for those kings who have the best qualities of a king mentioned in Vedas such as Shri Ram had the qualities learned, knowledgeable, true politician, sweet spoken, destroyer of enemies, knower of eternal religion, Speaks always truth, always co-operates and benefits others, enlighted with knowledge, pure, controller of all senses and mind. A complete Yogi attained samadhi, equivalent to God, saviour of public, handsome, nurses all, a symbol of eternal religion, knows all four Vedas with its parts like grammar etc, knows all shastras, has outstanding memory, lover of all, gentle, never seeks mercy, perfect in worldly as well as spiritual deeds etc., etc., showers love to all and confers justice, mentioned in Bal kand sarg first of Valmiki Ramayana. This highest post of king is also mentioned in Saamveda 273, Bhagwat Geeta shloka 10/27, saying that O Arjuna! I am king in the people i.e., supremeamongst people, that is why Shri Krishna was worshiped as a supreme dignitary amongst all as said in Mahabhart epic.
ESHA RISHAYA MAAMAHE SHATAM NISHKAANDASH SRAJAH
TRINNI SHATAANYARVATAAM SAHASTRA DASHA GONAAM
"Eshaha" means the king "Eeshaye" means to a hard working man "Shatam" means hundred "Nishikaan" means golden coin. "Dash srajaha" Dash means ten, "Srajaha" means garlands "Arvataam Trinni Shataani" means three hundred horses and "Gonaam Dash sahastra" means ten thousand cows "Maamahe" means gives award.
Meaning: The king gives award in the shape of hundred gold coins, ten garlands, three hundred horses and ten thousand cows to a hard working, faithful man.
Several mantras in all Vedas instruct the king to inspire his hard working and faithful people by awarding several awards. This formula must also be utilized in society, organizations, school, college, universities and every department by head ofdepartment in respect of faithful, hard worker.
TE TVA MADAA AMADANTAANNI VRISHNYAA TE SOMAASO VRITRHATYESHU SATPATE YATKARVE DASH VRITRAANYAPRATI BARHISHMATE NI SAHASTRAANNI BARHAYAH
(Atharvaveda mantra 20/21/6)
"Satpate" means the saviour of true, respected persons, i.e., commander of army. "Te" means those "Madaha" means the warriors who take merriment "Tani" means those "Vrishnaya" means the deeds for brave men and "Te" means those "somasaha" means wealth/fortune/glory etc., "Vritrahatyeshu' means the war in which enemies are killed "Tva" means to you "amadan" means gave merriment "yat" means when "Barhishmate" means he who has knowledge 'karve" means who is worker "Das sahasraanni" means ten thousand or uncounted "Vritraanni" means enemy side " Aprati" means without obstacle "Ni- Barhayah" means killed by you.
Meaning: The army commander (ruler) is the saviour of true, respected persons and nation. Those who kill the ten thousand and uncounted enemies without any obstacle in the war give you merriment. Such good deeds of the warrior to kill the enemies in the war have made you pleasant.
Idea: When the warrior soldiers kill the enemies in the war, their such deeds give merriment to the ruler. Ruler is the saviour of gentlemen.
TVAMETAAM JANARAAJYOO DWIRDASHAABANDHUNAASUSHRVASOPJAGMUSHAH
SHASHTIM SAHASTRA NAVTIM NAVA SHRUTO NI CHAKRENNRATHYAA DUSHPADAVRINNAK
(Atharvaveda mantra 20/21/9)
O King "Abandhuna" means lack of friends and "Sushravasa" means with the man who has great fame, "shrutaha" means famous " tvam" means by you "etaan"means these "dwihadash" means twice ten i.e., twenty "Janrajyahan" means king of lower men and "shashtim sahastra" means sixty thousand "nav navatim" means nine and ninety i.e., ninety-nine or nine into ninety i.e., eight hundred and ten "upjagmushaha" means friends of those " dushpada" means which were not able to be caught "rathaya" means like the wheel of chariot " chakrann" means circle i.e., with special army "niavrinak" means has been destroyed.
Meaning: O! King you have killed the enemy king and their sixty thousand and ninety nine or sixty thousand eight hundred and ten soldiers which were not able to be caught. You have destroyed them with special army like a wheel of chariot.
It is a duty of king to kill the enemies to maintain the peace in the nation. The king must destroy the enemies quickly like a wheel of chariot going ahead while flying the dirts all over.
YE TE PANTHA ADHO DIVO YEBHIRVYASHVARMAARAYAH UTA SHROSHANTU NO BHUVAH
[SAAMVEDA MANTRA 172 (2/6/8)]
O God! "ye" means those "panthaha" means paths "te" means yours i.e., told by you "ut" means and "ye bhihi" means by those "ashwam" means wind "wi erayaha"means inspires, i.e., by those you inspire the wind to blow "divaha" means light emitting heavenly bodies "adaha" means beneath i.e., beneath the said bodiesmeans in the space "naha" means ours "bhur bhuvaha" means the people lives on earth "shroshantu" means hear.
Meaning: O God! Those paths which are instructed by you in the Vedas and by whom you inspire the wind to blow from those, we the people living on the earth, beneath the said light emitting heavenly bodies, must hear.
God creates the universe from Raj, Tam and Satv, these three qualities of prakriti. From prakriti the five matters i.e., fire, air, space, water, and earth are made. In creation by God His fundamental laws are enforced which are unchangeable. Thus with the help of sun wind blows. The world always resides in the space and with the help of blow of wind the chanted word by anybody else or each other becomes able to be listened.
HIRANYAGARBHAH SAMVARTTAAGRYE BHOOTYASYA JATAH PATIREKAASEET
SA DHADHAAR PRITHVEEM DYAMUTEMAM KASMAI DEVAYA HAVISHAVIDHEM
"O Hiranyagarbhaha" means shape of light who gives light to all like sun, moon etc., but never takes light from anywhere else being Almighty "bhootasya" means the materialistic articles made from five matters "jataha" means famous "patihi" means master "ekah" means one alone "aaseet" means was "agri" means who was present before creation i.e., God "samavartate" means was present "saha" means He alone"imam" means these "prithveem" means earth "uta" means and "dyam" means light emitting heavenly bodies "Dadhaar" means holds being omnipresent "kasmai" meansthe shape of merriment and happiness i.e., God "devai" means for the God "havisha" means by offering of aahuti, performing Yajyen and practice of ashtang yoga "vidhem" means to do the best worship.
Meaning: O GOD you are the shape of light, you give light to all but you are yourself the shape of light and thus you do not take light from any where else. You are alone the master of earth made from five matters of prakriti. You will remain and were also before the creation. God alone is holding the light emitting heavenly bodies and the earth. We worship the said God, who is eternal shape of merriment and happiness and provides all articles to the people by offering aahuti, doing Yajyen and doing practice of Ashtang yoga.
This mantra eulogizes the qualities of God. God has unlimited qualities i.e., qualities of God are beyond calculation. As compared to God, soul and prakriti have limited qualities. This mantra states God to be the creator of whole world and none else has such quality other than God. Further all light emitting bodies like sun, moon etc., are placed within God and God is within them all, being omnipresent and He who is present before the creation of the world and after the creation, Himself holds the entire world, nurses the world, all such divine qualities of God have been described in this mantra. One needs to deliberate over the fact that when one and only one Almighty God holds the world, penetrates/permeates into everything present in the world and is even present outside the world, then who can dare to snatch the earth and run away from such Almighty God. Hence one often comes across such fabricated stories that some devil rolled the earth like a mat and used it like a pillow.Further God comes to snatch the earth from devil. Such idea can not be harboured by any learned. The mantra directs all to worship the unparalleled God who isholder of divine qualities. We should worship none else than such God. God was present before the creation, is present and shall remain present even after final destruction. Hence we should not worship articles created by God but the creator Himself.
MAA NO MAHAANTMUT MAA NO ARBHAKAM MAA NA UKSHANTMUTMAA NA UKSHITAM
MAA NO VADHIHI PITRAM MOT MATRAM MAA NAH PRIYASTANVORUDRA REERISHAH
(YAJURVEDA MANTRA 16/15)
"Rudra" means the army commander or ruler, you "Naha" means ours "Mahaantam" means respected persons who have great, good qualities "maa" means not "vadhihi" means to kill "Ut" means and "naha" means ours "Arbhakam" means babies "maa vadhihi" means do not kill "naha" means ours "ukshantam" means young boy "maa vadhihi" means do not kill "ut" means and "naha" means ours "Ukshitam" means pregnant ladies "maa vadhihi" means do not kill "naha" means ours "pitaram" means fathers' who nurse us "maa vadhihi" means do not kill "ut" means and "naha" our "matram" means mothers' "maa vadhihi" means do not kill "naha" means our "priyaha" means lovers' "tanvah" means bodies "maa Reerishah" means do not do violence on them.
Meaning: O Ruler! Please do not kill our respected persons who have good qualities, babies, the young boy, the pregnant ladies, our alive fathers, forefathers orspiritual masters, our mothers and also do not inflict violence "Priya" i.e., on the bodies of the ladies etc., who give births to babies.
In this mantra, there is a fundamental law of God to fight a war between two armies. According to the law, the warriors must not kill old men, babies, youngsters, who are not taking part in the war, pregnant ladies, the parents of warriors, all ladies, spectators of wars and the ambassadors. However, the warriors must control on the relatives of enemies. Now it is great sorrow that present war does not spare anyone as stated above which is a great sin against law of God framed in Vedas.
AGNE NAYA SUPATHA RAYE ASMAANVISHVANI DEV VAYUNAANIVIDWAN
YUYODHYSMJJUHURAANNMENO BHYASHTHAM TE NAMA UKTIMVIDHEM
(YAJURVEDA MANTRA 40/16)
O! "Dev" means who gives all happiness "Agne" means God "te" means yours "bhuyishtham" means lot of "namaha" means with politeness and respect "uktima"means praise "vidhem" means do "vidwan" means knower of all knowledge i.e., God "asmat" means from us "juhurannam" means crookedness/ mischievous deeds anddeeds of sins "yuyodhi" means to take away "asmaan raye" means to provide us assets "Supatha" means from pious paths "Vishwani" means complete "Vayunani" means the highest knowledge "naya" means to provide.
Meaning: O God! You give all merriment to us. We with lot of politeness and respect praise you. O God! You are knower of all knowledge of Vedas. Please take away crookedness/mischievousness and deeds of sins from us. To attain the assets to live upon, please provide us the supreme knowledge through the best path.
"Shrey" and "Prey" i.e., good and bad, these are the two paths which come in the life to be experienced. Wise always adopt good path according to the tenets of eternal religion. However to know about religion - irreligion, good and bad path, one needs to be guided by learned of Vedas i.e., spiritual Guru and one needs to listen Vedas and do Yajyen under his guidance. The performance of such pious deeds inculcates true qualities of God within his own mind, purifies mind and removes the distortions of chitta. The adoption of Vedic path leads to the removal of shortcomings of chitta and person acquires concentration and is able to worship God with pure heart. It is this worship which is acceptable to God and God is pleased and helps the aspirant to practice religion (i.e., pious deeds) with more determination. As a result, sins are abandoned and God's mercy and blessings are bestowed which lead to acquisition ofArth (i.e., earnings/fortune), Dharma (i.e., religion based on Vedas), kaam (i.e., fulfillment of pious desires and moksh (i.e., final liberation). Hence, we should practice Vedic tenets according to teachings of God and worship the only Almighty God, to whom no one is even equivalent, what to talk about being greater than Him.